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Sparids are a group of demersal perciform fish of high commercial value, which have experienced an extensive radiation, particularly in the Mediterranean, where they occupy a variety of different niches. The present study focuses on two species: Diplodus sargus and D. puntazzo, presenting a wide distribution from the Mediterranean to the eastern Atlantic(More)
In this paper, we have used statistical experimental design to investigate the effect of several factors in coating process of lidocaine hydrochloride (LID) liposomes by a biodegradable polymer (chitosan, CH). These variables were the concentration of CH coating solution, the dripping rate of this solution on the liposome colloidal dispersion, the stirring(More)
Trypanosoma rangeli's sialidase (TrSA) and Trypanosoma cruzi's trans-sialidase (TcTS) are members of the glycoside hydrolase family 33 (GH-33). They share 70% of sequence identity and their crystallographic Cα RMSD is 0.59 Å. Despite these similarities they catalyze different reactions. TcTS transfers sialic acid between glycoconjugates while TrSA can only(More)
We have obtained AMBER94 force-field parameters for the TTQ cofactor of the enzyme methylamine dehydrogenase (MADH). This enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of methylamine to produce formaldehyde and ammonia. In the rate-determining step of the catalyzed reaction, a proton is transferred from the methyl group of the substrate to residue Asp76. We used the new(More)
Principal component analysis is a technique widely used for studying the movements of proteins using data collected from molecular dynamics simulations. In spite of its extensive use, the technique has a serious drawback: equivalent simulations do not afford the same PC-modes. In this article, we show that concatenating equivalent trajectories and(More)
A comparison between different conformations of a given protein, relating both structure and dynamics, can be performed in terms of combined principal component analysis (combined-PCA). To that end, a trajectory is obtained by concatenating molecular dynamics trajectories of the individual conformations under comparison. Then, the principal components are(More)
The enzyme UDP-Galactopyranose Mutase (UGM) catalyses the conversion of galactopyranose into galactofuranose. It is known to be critical for the survival and proliferation of several pathogenic agents, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic. Among them is Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite responsible for Chagas' disease. Since the enzyme is not present in mammals,(More)
The mode specific reactivity of the F + CHD3 → HF + CD3 reaction is investigated using an eight-dimensional quantum dynamical model on a recently developed ab initio based full-dimensional potential energy surface. Our results indicate prominent resonance structures at low collision energies and absence of an energy threshold in reaction probabilities. It(More)
We present the results of a detailed molecular dynamics study of the closed form of the P2X4 receptor. The fluctuations observed in the simulations were compared with the changes that occur in the transition from the closed to the open structure. To get further insight on the opening mechanism, the actual displacements were decomposed into interchain(More)
Quasiclassical trajectories (QCT) have been employed to elucidate the effect of exciting the C-H bond in F + CHD3 collisions. The calculations were performed on a new potential energy surface that accurately describes the van der Waals complexes in the entrance channel of the reaction. It was found that exciting the C-H bond significantly enhances the yield(More)