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In this paper, comparative molecular studies between authentic Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, related species, and the strain described as Saccharomyces boulardii were performed. The response of a S. boulardii strain and a S. cerevisiae strain (W303) to different stress conditions was also evaluated. The results obtained in this study show that S.(More)
BACKGROUND The protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of Chagas disease. There are no vaccines or effective treatment, especially in the chronic phase when most patients are diagnosed. There is a clear necessity to develop new drugs and strategies for the control and treatment of Chagas disease. Recent papers have suggested the(More)
An ecto-NTP diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase) activity, insensitive to inhibitors of ATPases and phosphatases, was characterized on the surface of live Trypanosoma cruzi intact parasites. The enzyme exhibits broad substrate specificity, typical of NTPDases, and a high hydrolysis rate for GTP. A 2282 bp message encoding a full-length NTPDase was cloned by RT-PCR(More)
In the present study, C57BL/6 mice were inoculated with metacyclic Leishmania amazonensis or L. braziliensis promastigotes. While these animals were capable of controlling the infection by L. braziliensis, they developed chronic lesions with elevated numbers of parasites when infected by L. amazonensis. The differences in parasite control were associated(More)
Previous results from our laboratory and from the literature have implicated the expression of ecto-nucleotidases in the establishment of Leishmania infection. In the present study we evaluated the correlation between ecto-nucleotidasic activity and the infectivity of L. amazonensis promastigotes that were kept in culture for short or extended numbers of(More)
Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) is the major causative agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and is associated with different syndromes affecting pigs. The PCV2 genome has three main open reading frames (ORFs) among which the ORF2 encodes the capsid protein. In this study, the ORF2 nucleotide sequences of 30 Brazilian isolates were(More)
Porcine circovirus-2 (PCV-2) is the main agent related to post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and it is also associated with other syndromes affecting pigs. Not all pigs infected with PCV-2 will develop PMWS and the incidence of PMWS is higher when coinfecting viral and bacterial pathogens are present. In this study, PCV-2 viral loads were(More)
Dysregulation of pre-mRNA splicing machinery activity has been related to the biogenesis of several diseases. The serine/arginine-rich protein kinase family (SRPKs) plays a critical role in regulating pre-mRNA splicing events through the extensive phosphorylation of splicing factors from the family of serine/arginine-rich proteins (SR proteins). Previous(More)
Protein kinase C is apparently involved in the control of many cellular systems: the cell wall integrity pathway, the synthesis of ribosomes, the appropriated reallocation of transcription factors under specific stress conditions and also the regulation of N-glycosylation activity. All these observations suggest the existence of additional targets not yet(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral leishmaniasis is an important tropical disease, and Leishmania infantum chagasi (synonym of Leishmania infantum) is the main pathogenic agent of visceral leishmaniasis in the New World. Recently, ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (E-NTPDases) were identified as enablers of infection and virulence factors in many pathogens.(More)