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Bacteria associated with marine sponges represent a rich source of bioactive metabolites. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize bacteria with antimicrobial activities from Brazilian sponges. A total of 158 colony-forming units were isolated from nine sponge species. Among these, 12 isolates presented antimicrobial activities against(More)
The effect of different farming systems (cage, pond) upon digestive enzyme activities of Nile tilapia was evaluated. Juvenile Nile tilapia (87.61 ± 1.52 g) were simultaneously cultured in pond and cage systems during 90 days. Cages used nutritional biphasic plan (35 and 32 % crude protein—CP feeds) and ponds used nutritional triphasic plan (35, 32 and 28 %(More)
Bovine papillomaviruses (BPV) are the causal agents of benign and malignant lesions; they can cause dramatic economic losses in cattle. Although 10 virus types have been described, three types are most common in tumors, namely BPV-1, -2 and -4. Previous studies have reported BPV in blood cells and the possibility of blood acting as a latent virus site(More)
Urinary tract infections are of great importance during pregnancy owing to undesirable complications such as fetal and maternal morbidity. This paper describes the functional alterations that occur in this condition and predispose to infection. Clinical presentation and subsidiary diagnosis are discussed, including asymptomatic bacteriuria, cystitis and(More)
The effect of different dietary concentrations of shrimp protein hydrolysate (SPH) on digestive enzyme activity of Nile tilapia juveniles was evaluated. SPH concentrations in diets were 0, 15, 30 and 60 g kg−1 (treatments SPH0, SPH15, SPH30 and SPH60, respectively). Hemoglobin, azocasein, BApNA (Nα-benzoyl-dl-arginine-p-nitroanilide), SApNA(More)
This study aimed to describe and compare the interannual changes in the diversity and population structure of herbaceous plants in an anthropogenic area that has been regenerating for 15 years and to identify the similarities and differences in the biological attributes of the community compared with the characteristics of a regenerating conserved area. In(More)
There have been many studies on Schistocerca gregaria and Locusta migratoria, which are important grasshopper pests in many parts of the world. However, the main pest grasshopper species in Brazil, S. pallens, Rhammatocerus schistocercoides and Stiphra robusta, are very poorly characterized genetically. We adapted a permanent in situ hybridization method to(More)
Brain cholinesterases from four fish (Arapaima gigas, Colossoma macropomum, Rachycentron canadum and Oreochromis niloticus) were characterized using specific substrates and selective inhibitors. Parameters of catalytic efficiency such as activation energy (AE), k cat and k cat/k m as well as rate enhancements produced by these enzymes were estimated by a(More)
Aluminium is a major pollutant due to its constant disposal in aquatic environments through anthropogenic activities. The physiological effects of this metal in fish are still scarce in the literature. This study investigated the in vivo and in vitro effects of aluminium sulfate on the activity of enzymes from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): brain(More)
The single-copy gene Period was located in five grasshopper species belonging to the Acridomorpha group through permanent in situ hybridization (PISH). The mapping revealed one copy of this gene in the L1 chromosome pair in Ommexecha virens, Xyleus discoideus angulatus, Tropidacris collaris, Schistocerca pallens, and Stiphra robusta. A possible second copy(More)