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Human colon carcinoma cell lines established in this laboratory were treated in vitro with N,N-dimethylformamide. This polar solvent caused morphological changes in the cells as well as alterations in their growth properties. Untreated cells had cloning efficiencies of up to 77% in soft agar; treatment with N,N-dimethylformamide resulted in a complete loss(More)
In cultured cells and isolated perfused organs, catecholamines are coreleased with chromogranin A (CgA) from adrenal chromaffin cells and sympathetic neurons. The corelease suggests that exocytosis is the mechanism of catecholamine secretion. To investigate whether physiologic catecholamine secretion is exocytotic in humans, we measured plasma(More)
Chromogranin-A (CgA) is an acidic soluble protein with a virtually ubiquitous occurrence in normal human neuroendocrine tissues. Of the many potential tissue sources of CgA immunoreactivity, which contribute to basal (unstimulated) circulating CgA? To explore this question we studied the effects of selective and nonselective suppression of secretion at(More)
The chromogranins/secretogranins are a family of acidic, soluble proteins with widespread neuroendocrine distribution in secretory vesicles. Although the precise function of the chromogranins remains elusive, knowledge of their structure, distribution, and potential intracellular and extracellular roles, especially that of chromogranin A, has greatly(More)
Chromogranin A expression is heritable in humans, and both plasma chromogranin A concentration and its releasable adrenal and sympathetic neuronal pools are augmented in established essential (hereditary) hypertension. To evaluate chromogranin A further as a simpler or "intermediate phenotype" in the complex trait of hypertension, we studied chromogranin A(More)
The human colon carcinoma cell line DLD-1, established from tumor tissue obtained from a 45 year old white man with an adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon, was studied from the perspective of tumor heterogeneity. The karyotype and morphology of cells from an early passage DLD-1 culture, as well as the histologic features of both the original tumor and(More)
The primary structure of chromogranin A indicates multiple domains which might be subject to posttranslational modification. We explored chromogranin A's proteolytic cleavage, glycosylation, and possible intermolecular disulfide links, using biochemical and cell biological approaches. Anti-chromogranin A region-specific immunoblots on chromaffin granules(More)
The chromogranins/secretogranins are a family of neuroendocrine vesicle secretory proteins. Immunohistology and immunoblotting have suggested that a major soluble protein in human chromaffin granules may be chromogranin B (CgB). We purified from pheochromocytoma chromaffin granules an SDS-PAGE 110-120 kDa protein whose N-terminal sequence matched that(More)
Cultured human colon carcinoma cells were induced by the polar solvent N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) to express a more differentiated phenotype as indicated by three types of antigen markers. Carcinoembryonic antigen expression in all DMF-induced cell lines was enhanced. Exposure of cells to DMF resulted in a reduction in ability to bind antibody to(More)
Chromogranin A is present in both adrenal medullary chromaffin granules and sympathetic nerve large dense core catecholamine storage vesicles (LDVs), yet selective stimulation of sympathetic axons provokes only minor changes in chromogranin A in the circulation. We therefore examined the stoichiometry of chromogranin A storage in purified LDVs as compared(More)