Julian Togelius

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The focus of this survey is on research in applying evolutionary and other metaheuristic search algorithms to automatically generating content for games, both digital and nondigital (such as board games). The term search-based procedural content generation is proposed as the name for this emerging field, which at present is growing quickly. A taxonomy for(More)
Procedural content generation (PCG) is an increasingly important area of technology within modern human-computer interaction (HCI) design. Personalization of user experience via affective and cognitive modeling, coupled with real-time adjustment of the content according to user needs and preferences are important steps toward effective and meaningful PCG.(More)
This paper presents a first attempt at evolving the rules for a game. In contrast to almost every other paper that applies computational intelligence techniques to games, we are not generating behaviours, strategies or environments for any particular game; we are starting without a game and generating the game itself. We explain the rationale for doing this(More)
In this paper, we show that personalized levels can be automatically generated for platform games. We build on previous work, where models were derived that predicted player experience based on features of level design and on playing styles. These models are constructed using preference learning, based on questionnaires administered to players after playing(More)
Recently, a small number of papers have appeared in which the authors implement stochastic search algorithms, such as evolutionary computation, to generate game content, such as levels, rules and weapons. We propose a taxonomy of such approaches, centring on what sort of content is generated, how the content is represented, and how the quality of the(More)
Evolutionary algorithms are commonly used to create high-performing strategies or agents for computer games. In this paper, we instead choose to evolve the racing tracks in a car racing game. An evolvable track representation is devised, and a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm maximises the entertainment value of the track relative to a particular human(More)
Geometric crossover is a representationindependent definition of crossover based on the distance of the search space interpreted as a metric space. It generalizes the traditional crossover for binary strings and other important recombination operators for the most used representations. Using a distance tailored to the problem at hand, the abstract(More)
This paper investigates the relationship between level design parameters of platform games, individual playing characteristics and player experience. The investigated design parameters relate to the placement and sizes of gaps in the level and the existence of direction changes; components of player experience include fun, frustration and challenge. A(More)
This paper describes the evolution of controllers for racing a simulated radio-controlled car around a track, modelled on a real physical track. Five different controller architectures were compared, based on neural networks, force fields and action sequences. The controllers use either egocentric (first person), Newtonian (third person) or no information(More)