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Toxic DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs) arise by ionizing irradiation and UV light, are particularly caused by endogenously produced reactive compounds such as formaldehyde, and also occur during compromised topoisomerase action. Although nucleotide excision repair and homologous recombination contribute to cell survival upon DPCs, hardly anything is known(More)
DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs) are highly toxic DNA lesions because they interfere with DNA transactions. The recent discovery of a yeast protease that processes DPCs proteolytically raises the question whether DPC proteases also exist in higher eukaryotes. We argue here that the yeast enzyme, Wss1 (weak suppressor of smt3), is a member of a protease family(More)
Proteins containing ubiquitin-like (UBL) and ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domains interact with various binding partners and function as hubs during ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation. A common interaction of the budding yeast UBL-UBA proteins Rad23 and Dsk2 with the E4 ubiquitin ligase Ufd2 has been described in endoplasmic reticulum-associated(More)
DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs) are highly toxic DNA adducts, but whether dedicated DPC-repair mechanisms exist was until recently unknown. This has changed with discoveries made in yeast and Xenopus laevis that revealed a protease-based DNA-repair pathway specific for DPCs. Importantly, mutations in the gene encoding the putative human homologue of a yeast(More)
Covalent DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs) are toxic DNA lesions that interfere with essential chromatin transactions, such as replication and transcription. Little was known about DPC-specific repair mechanisms until the recent identification of a DPC-processing protease in yeast. The existence of a DPC protease in higher eukaryotes is inferred from data in(More)
Ubiquitin family modifiers (UbFs) are protein-protein interaction modules acting within a variety of cellular processes. In combination with other techniques, surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based technology has been used to characterize the interactions of UbFs with their binding partners. SPR binding assays allow the real-time detection of binding events(More)
Covalent DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs, also known as protein adducts) of topoisomerases and other proteins with DNA are highly toxic DNA lesions. Of note, chemical agents that induce DPCs include widely used classes of chemotherapeutics. Their bulkiness blocks virtually every chromatin-based process and makes them intractable for repair by canonical repair(More)
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