Julian Ritchie

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The incidence of various cancers, especially non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), is higher among patients who receive azathioprine for immunosuppression after organ transplants than in the general population. We have studied the risk of neoplasia after azathioprine in 755 patients treated for inflammatory bowel disease. The patients received 2 mg/kg daily for a(More)
In the years 1966-80, 303 patients with radiologically extensive ulcerative colitis were followed up regularly, both by clinical assessment and by mucosal biopsies, to detect dysplastic (precancerous) change. Moderate or severe dysplasia (but no carcinoma) was found in the specimen in 8 patients treated surgically. Despite regular surveillance, carcinoma(More)
An increased incidence of carcinoma of the small bowel and colon has been described in patients with Crohn's disease. Tumours arising in the rectum and anus are reported less often. Between 1940 and 1992, of some 2500 patients with Crohn's disease seen at this hospital, 15 are known to have developed carcinoma of the lower gastrointestinal tract. Malignancy(More)
269 patients with ulcerative colitis and a history of less than 6 months when first seen at St. Mark's Hospital in the decade 1966--75 have been followed for up to 11 years. The outcome has been correlated with the maximum extent of the disease observed within 3 months of presentation. 75 patients required hospital admission, 56 within a year of(More)
This study suggests that proctocolitis is an illness with an acute and potentially dangerous onset but which appears to become less severe after survival for one year, whereas Crohn's colitis tends to be a more chronic and progressive illness over several years with a greater need for surgical treatment and a greater tendency to anal complications.
A retrospective review of outcome was undertaken in forty-two patients with ulcerative colitis and twenty patients with Crohn's disease who were treated for haemorrhoids and the inflammatory bowel disease between 1935 and 1975. Both surgical and conservative treatment of haemorrhoids in patients with ulcerative colitis had low complication-rates (4(More)
The levels of plasma carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were estimated in 59 control subjects attending St Mark's Hospital and in 139 patients with uncomplicated ulcerative colitis. There was little difference in the CEA levels in the two groups. In the colitic patients, the actual CEA values could not be correlated with the age of the patient, the activity of(More)
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