Learn More
In individual mammalian cells the expression of some genes such as prolactin is highly variable over time and has been suggested to occur in stochastic pulses. To investigate the origins of this behavior and to understand its functional relevance, we quantitatively analyzed this variability using new mathematical tools that allowed us to reconstruct dynamic(More)
Perrault syndrome is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous autosomal-recessive condition characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and ovarian failure. By a combination of linkage analysis, homozygosity mapping, and exome sequencing in three families, we identified mutations in CLPP as the likely cause of this phenotype. In each family, affected(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies, KA 1 and KA 4, raised against human epidermis, were biochemically and immunologically characterized and were shown to react with specific cytokeratin polypeptides. On frozen sections of human mammary gland, these antibodies distinguish between myoepithelial and luminal epithelial cells. We present evidence that in these cells KA 1(More)
Pituitary tumours are a common type of intracranial neoplasm and, depending on the cell type of origin, have diverse endocrine and reproductive effects. The developmental biology of the different cell types is understood to result from a sequential activation of a cascade of transcription factors, and mutations in these factors result in various forms of(More)
BACKGROUND The use of the fiberoptic endoscope is a recent innovation in pituitary surgery. OBJECTIVE To investigate the evidence of an operative learning curve after the introduction of endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery in our unit. METHODS The first 125 patients who underwent endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary fossa lesions(More)
Most mammals use changing annual day-length cycles to regulate pineal melatonin secretion and thereby drive many physiological rhythms including reproduction, metabolism, immune function, and pelage. Prolonged exposure to short winter day lengths results in refractoriness, a spontaneous reversion to long-day physiological status. Despite its critical role(More)
Although analysis of luciferase activity using luminescence imaging has provided new insights into the dynamic regulation of gene expression in living tIssues, studies in vitro have relied on stably transfected clonal cell lines, limiting the choice of cell type and species, or DNA microinjection, which is arduous and highly selective. We report here the(More)
The pituitary hormone prolactin (PRL) is best known for its role in the regulation of lactation. Recent evidence furthermore indicates PRL is required for normal reproduction in rodents. Here, we report on the insertion of two transposon-like DNA sequences in the human prolactin gene, which together function as an alternative promoter directing(More)
Estrogens have been implicated in the regulation of prolactin gene expression in man, although previous studies have not defined the molecular mechanism whereby estradiol activates the human prolactin gene promoter (hPrl). We found that estradiol induced a reproducible 1.8-fold activation of the hPrl gene promoter, using pituitary GH3 cells stably(More)