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OBJECTIVE To reassess the evidence for management issues related to the care of women with epilepsy (WWE) during pregnancy. METHODS Systematic review of relevant articles published between January 1985 and June 2007. RESULTS It is highly probable that intrauterine first-trimester valproate (VPA) exposure has higher risk of major congenital malformations(More)
Women with epilepsy who take antiseizure medicines have successful and unremarkable pregnancies the majority of the time. Achieving seizure freedom is important for successful pregnancies, and it is also highly predictive of seizure freedom during pregnancy. From data derived from the general population, vitamin supplementation is important to prevent birth(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the risks of stillbirth and neonatal complications by gestational age in uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases (until December 2015). REVIEW METHODS Databases were searched without language restrictions for(More)
Women with epilepsy (WWE) face particular challenges during their pregnancy. Among the several obstetric issues for which there is some concern and the need for further investigation are: the effects of seizures, epilepsy, and antiepileptic drugs on pregnancy outcome and, conversely, the effects of pregnancy and hormonal neurotransmitters on seizure control(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neurodevelopmental disability is common in twins with TTTS in utero; however, the responsible neuropathology remains uncertain. We proposed to document the frequency of brain abnormalities on clinical fetal MR images and to determine if quantitative fetal brain biometric analysis in twin fetuses with TTTS was different from those in(More)
We report 2 fetal MR imaging cases at 22 wkGA with cerebral bright DWI and low ADC, 8 and 19 days after documented fetal death. These observations illustrate that decreased diffusion can be present weeks after injury onset, and its presence cannot be used to time injury onset within 1 week, which could significantly impact determination of the proximate(More)
Objective This study aims to evaluate pregnancy outcomes in patients with spontaneous and iatrogenic chorioamniotic separation diagnosed by ultrasound after 17 weeks. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of women with a singleton pregnancy who were diagnosed with chorioamniotic separation (n = 106) after 17 weeks' gestation from January 2000 to(More)
Impaired or suboptimal fetal growth is associated with an increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. By utilizing readily available clinical data on the relative size of the fetus at multiple points in pregnancy, including delivery, future epidemiological research can improve our understanding of the impacts of maternal, fetal, and environmental(More)
PURPOSE To present a method for spatiotemporal alignment of in-utero magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) time series acquired during maternal hyperoxia for enabling improved quantitative tracking of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal changes that characterize oxygen transport through the placenta to fetal organs. MATERIALS AND METHODS The proposed(More)
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