Julian M. Stewart

Anthony J Ocon4
Indu Taneja4
Courtney Terilli4
4Anthony J Ocon
4Indu Taneja
4Courtney Terilli
3Zachary R Messer
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Neurocognition is impaired in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). We propose that the impairment relates to postural cerebral hemodynamics. Twenty-five CFS subjects and twenty control subjects underwent incremental upright tilt at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75° with continuous measurement of arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV). We used(More)
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), a chronic form of orthostatic intolerance, has signs and symptoms of lightheadedness, loss of vision, headache, fatigue, and neurocognitive deficits consistent with reductions in cerebrovascular perfusion. We hypothesized that young, normocapnic POTS patients exhibit abnormal cerebral autoregulation (CA) that results in(More)
CFS (chronic fatigue syndrome) is commonly co-morbid with POTS (postural tachycardia syndrome). Individuals with CFS/POTS experience unrelenting fatigue, tachycardia during orthostatic stress and ill-defined neurocognitive impairment, often described as 'mental fog'. We hypothesized that orthostatic stress causes neurocognitive impairment in CFS/POTS(More)
Our prior studies indicated that postural fainting relates to thoracic hypovolemia. A supranormal increase in initial vascular resistance was sustained by increased peripheral resistance until late during head-up tilt (HUT), whereas splanchnic resistance, cardiac output, and blood pressure (BP) decreased throughout HUT. Our aim in the present study was to(More)
CONTEXT Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and those with orthostatic intolerance share many symptoms, yet questions exist as to whether CFS patients have physiological evidence of orthostatic intolerance. OBJECTIVE To determine if some CFS patients have increased rates of orthostatic hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, or hypocapnia relative to(More)
Decreased upright cerebral blood flow (CBF) with hyperpnea and hypocapnia is seen in a minority of patients with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS). More often, CBF is not decreased despite upright neurocognitive dysfunction. This may result from time-dependent changes in CBF. We hypothesized that increased oscillations in CBF occurs in POTS (N = 12)(More)
Spontaneous fluctuation indices of cardiovagal baroreflex have been suggested to be inaccurate measures of baroreflex function during orthostatic stress compared with alternate open-loop methods (e.g. neck pressure/suction, modified Oxford method). We therefore tested the hypothesis that spontaneous fluctuation measurements accurately reflect local(More)
Withdrawal of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) may not be necessary for the precipitous fall of peripheral arterial resistance and arterial pressure (AP) during vasovagal syncope (VVS). We tested the hypothesis that the MSNA-AP baroreflex entrainment is disrupted before VVS regardless of MSNA withdrawal using the phase synchronization between blood(More)
Low flow postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), is associated with reduced nitric oxide (NO) activity assumed to be of endothelial origin. We tested the hypothesis that cutaneous microvascular neuronal NO (nNO) is impaired, rather than endothelial NO (eNO), in POTS. We performed three sets of experiments on subjects aged 22.5 +/- 2 yr. We used laser-Doppler(More)