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Excitatory lateral connections within the primary visual cortex are thought to link neurons with similar receptive field properties. Here we studied whether this rule can predict the distribution of excitatory connections in relation to cortical location and orientation preference in the cat visual cortex. To this end, we obtained orientation maps of areas(More)
Knowledge-based or top-down influences on primary visual cortex (area V1) are believed to originate from information conveyed by extrastriate feedback axon connections. Understanding how this information is communicated to area V1 neurons relies in part on elucidating the quantitative as well as the qualitative nature of extrastriate pathway connectivity. A(More)
To characterise spatially a major component of the anatomical basis of local lateral inhibition in layer 4 of cat visual cortex (area 17), we analysed the lateral distribution of neuronal somata postsynaptic to electrophysiologically characterised GABAergic clutch (basket) cell axons (CC1 and CC2). We report two main results. First, the clutch cell axons(More)
The functional specificity of the projections of single large basket cells of the cat primary visual cortex was studied using novel analytical approaches. The distribution of the labelled axons and that of the target cells were three-dimensionally reconstructed and compared quantitatively to orientation, direction and ocular dominance maps obtained with the(More)
This paper explores the possibility that the formation of color blobs in primate striate cortex can be partly explained through the process of activity-based self-organization. We present a simulation of a highly simplified model of visual processing along the parvocellular pathway, that combines precortical color processing, excitatory and inhibitory(More)
The brain contains a complex network of axons rapidly communicating information between billions of synaptically connected neurons. The morphology of individual axons, therefore, defines the course of information flow within the brain. More than a century ago, Ramón y Cajal proposed that conservation laws to save material (wire) length and limit conduction(More)
In cerebral cortex, the huge mass of axonal wiring that carries information between near and distant neurons is thought to provide the neural substrate for cognitive and perceptual function. The goal of mapping the connectivity of cortical axons at different spatial scales, the cortical connectome, is to trace the paths of information flow in cerebral(More)
Neocortical theta-band oscillatory activity is associated with cognitive tasks involving learning and memory. This oscillatory activity is proposed to originate from the synchronization of interconnected layer V intrinsic bursting (IB) neurons by recurrent excitation. To test this hypothesis, a sparsely connected spiking circuit model based on empirical(More)
Corticothalamic feedback is believed to play an important role in selectively regulating the flow of sensory information from thalamus to cortex. But despite its importance, the size and nature of corticothalamic pathway connectivity is not fully understood. In light of recent empirical data, the aim of this paper was to quantify the contribution of area 17(More)