Julian Lair

Learn More
Between 1978 and 1997 all newborns in the Austrian province of Tyrol were reviewed regarding hip dysplasia and related surgery. This involved a mean of 8257 births per year (7766 to 8858). Two observation periods were determined: 1978 to 1982 (clinical examination alone) and 1993 to 1997 (clinical examination and universal ultrasound screening). A(More)
The BM is well understood to play a key role in plasma cell homing and survival in mice. In humans, BM plasma cells and their functions are less well characterized. In this study, we used paired bone biopsies from the femur shaft and blood samples from persons of different ages to analyze age-related changes of plasma and memory B cells. Our results(More)
Both gastrocnemius recession and Achilles tendon lengthening lead to scarring in the calf and have high reported recurrence rates when performed under the age of 8 years. Triceps surae lengthening by external fixation seemed to be a valuable alternative. Twelve calf lengthenings have been performed with an Ilizarov device with a mean correction of 27(More)
The bone marrow (BM) plays a key role in the long-term maintenance of immunological memory. However, the impact of aging on the production of survival factors for effector/memory T cells and plasma cells in the human BM has not been studied. We now show that the expression of molecules involved in the maintenance of immunological memory in the human BM(More)
CD4+ and CD8+ T cells reside in the human bone marrow (BM) and show a heightened activation state. However, only small sample sizes are available from sources such as the iliac crest. Larger samples can be obtained from the femur in the course of hip replacement surgery. It was therefore the goal of the present study to compare the phenotype and function of(More)
Submaxillary salivary retention, associated with the typical sign of a painful swelling, is usually but not specifically due to the presence of stones. Other factors may indeed be involved (reflex secretory dysfunction, stenosis from a scar, inflammation or tumor of wharton's duct). The authors describe a technique, employed in 14 patients, which involves a(More)
Blood bank personnel can convince surgeons to change their presurgical blood orders from a type-and-crossmatch to a type-and-hold approach. To do this, it is necessary to guarantee blood availability within a short time frame if blood should be unexpectedly required. Such a change in blood orders significantly reduced the number of unnecessary crossmatches(More)