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Understanding more about how the brain functions should help us understand economic behaviour. But some would have us believe that it has done this already, and that insights from neuroscience have already provided insights in economics that we would not otherwise have. Much of this is just academic marketing hype, and to get down to substantive issues we(More)
The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the findings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The findings,(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors evaluated the use of conditional cash transfers as an HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention strategy to incentivise safe sex. DESIGN An unblinded, individually randomised and controlled trial. SETTING 10 villages within the Kilombero/Ulanga districts of the Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System in rural(More)
Reflecting an increasing awareness of the importance of treatment adherence on outcomes in psychiatric populations, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) convened a panel of treatment adherence researchers on September 27-28, 2007 to discuss and articulate potential solutions for dealing with methodological adherence research challenges. Panel(More)
We introduce a modification to the two-timescale games studied in the evolution of preferences (EOP) literature. In this modification, the strategic process occurring on the long timescale is learning by an individual across his or her lifetime, not natural selection operating on genomes over multiple generations. This change to the longer timescale removes(More)
Can cash transfers promote employment and reduce poverty in rural Africa? Will lower youth unemployment and poverty reduce the risk of social instability? We experimentally evaluate one of Uganda's largest development programs, which provided thousands of young people nearly unconditional, unsupervised cash transfers to pay for vocational training, tools,(More)
We propose that individuals consider future versions of themselves to truly be separate persons, not simply as a convenient modeling device but in terms of actual brain systems and decision‐making processes. Intertemporal choices are thus quite literally strategic interactions between multiple agents. Previous neuroscientific studies have found evidence(More)
Intra-month cycles in household consumption and expenditure are considered hallmarks of dynamically inconsistent behavior. I find that Electronic Benefit Transfer reduced the severity of the these cycles for SNAP (food stamp) households with children and dual-parent households. The evidence suggests an explanation based on collective dynamic inconsistency –(More)
We analyze how different degrees of privacy protection affect industry profits, consumer welfare and total welfare. Firms earn higher profits under complete privacy protection compared with limited or no privacy protection. However, with limited privacy protection, the relationship between the degree of privacy protection and equilibrium profits is not(More)