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OBJECTIVES Bulk-fill composites have emerged, arguably, as a new "class" of resin-based composites, which are claimed to enable restoration in thick layers, up to 4mm. The objective of this work was to compare, under optimal curing conditions, the physico-mechanical properties of most currently available bulk-fill composites to those of two conventional(More)
Three types of low-shrinkage composites are today commercially available: Ormocers, cationic ring-opening curing systems and highly filled methacrylate-based materials, which cure via free-radical polymerization mechanisms. The aim of this study was to characterize the inorganic fraction of materials belonging to each type and to compare their mechanical(More)
This paper assesses the effects of light characteristics and irradiation time on the Vickers microhardness (VH) of a dual-photoinitiator commercial composite and on temperature increase in the pulp chamber (deltaT). Four recent light-emitting diodes (LEDs)--bluephaseG2 (BG2), bluephase16i (B16i), G-Light (G) and Freelight2 (F2)--and one control halogen(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the influence of photoinitiator type and filler particle inclusion on the validity of exposure reciprocity law. MATERIALS AND METHODS 50/50 wt% Bis-GMA/TEGDMA resins were prepared with equimolar concentrations of camphorquinone/DMAEMA (0.20/0.80 mass%) (CQ) or Lucirin-TPO (0.42 mass%), and were used either unfilled or filled to 75(More)
Different irradiation protocols are proposed to polymerize dental resins, and discordances remain concerning their impact on the material. To improve this knowledge, we studied entrapment of free radicals in unfilled Bis-GMA/TEGDMA (50:50 wt%) resin after light cure. The tested hypothesis was that various irradiation parameters (curing time, irradiance, and(More)
AIM Evaluation of survival, proliferation and neurodifferentiation of dental stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAP) in fibrin hydrogels. We hypothesized that fibrin composition will influence cell behavior. METHODS Modulus, pore and fiber size were measured. SCAP in vitro viability, proliferation and neural differentiation, as well as in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVES This work aims to review the key factors affecting the polymerization efficiency of light-activated resin-based composites. The different properties and methods used to evaluate polymerization efficiency will also be critically appraised with focus on the developments in dental photopolymer technology and how recent advances have attempted to(More)
OBJECTIVES To demonstrate that determination of the depth of cure of resin-based composites needs to take into account the depth at which the transition between glassy and rubbery states of the resin matrix occurs. METHODS A commercially available nano-hybrid composite (Grandio) in a thick layer was light cured from one side for 10 or 40 s. Samples were(More)
The recent isolation and characterization of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in dental tissues constitutes a major step forward in the development of new treatment strategies. MSCs are essential for dental pulp repair and the success of regenerative endodontic procedures. It is important to understand that immune cells and cytokines can affect stem cell(More)
In this work, we used electron paramagnetic resonance to follow the decrease kinetics of free radicals trapped in an experimental resin (ER) and in a commercial composite (Charisma (Ch)) stored under different conditions (in air at 25 and 37 degrees C; in argon, oxygen and water at 25 degrees C). During the first day, the decay was fast (0-24h-rate of decay(More)