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OBJECTIVES Bulk-fill composites have emerged, arguably, as a new "class" of resin-based composites, which are claimed to enable restoration in thick layers, up to 4mm. The objective of this work was to compare, under optimal curing conditions, the physico-mechanical properties of most currently available bulk-fill composites to those of two conventional(More)
Three types of low-shrinkage composites are today commercially available: Ormocers, cationic ring-opening curing systems and highly filled methacrylate-based materials, which cure via free-radical polymerization mechanisms. The aim of this study was to characterize the inorganic fraction of materials belonging to each type and to compare their mechanical(More)
AIM Evaluation of survival, proliferation and neurodifferentiation of dental stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAP) in fibrin hydrogels. We hypothesized that fibrin composition will influence cell behavior. METHODS Modulus, pore and fiber size were measured. SCAP in vitro viability, proliferation and neural differentiation, as well as in vivo(More)
This paper assesses the effects of light characteristics and irradiation time on the Vickers microhardness (VH) of a dual-photoinitiator commercial composite and on temperature increase in the pulp chamber (deltaT). Four recent light-emitting diodes (LEDs)--bluephaseG2 (BG2), bluephase16i (B16i), G-Light (G) and Freelight2 (F2)--and one control halogen(More)
OBJECTIVES To demonstrate that determination of the depth of cure of resin-based composites needs to take into account the depth at which the transition between glassy and rubbery states of the resin matrix occurs. METHODS A commercially available nano-hybrid composite (Grandio) in a thick layer was light cured from one side for 10 or 40 s. Samples were(More)
OBJECTIVES This work aims to review the key factors affecting the polymerization efficiency of light-activated resin-based composites. The different properties and methods used to evaluate polymerization efficiency will also be critically appraised with focus on the developments in dental photopolymer technology and how recent advances have attempted to(More)
INTRODUCTION Stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAP) are a population of mesenchymal stem cells likely involved in regenerative endodontic procedures and have potential use as therapeutic agents in other tissues. In these situations, SCAP are exposed to hypoxic conditions either within a root canal devoid of an adequate blood supply or in a scaffold(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of high irradiance curing on resultant degree of conversion of 'flowable' resin composites and their counterpart higher viscosity paste materials. METHODS Five commercial flowable materials (Venus; Heraeus Kulzer, Synergy D6; Coltene, Premise; Kerr, Grandio; Voco and Gradia; GC Corp) and their(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the null hypotheses that photoactive resin composites containing a Type I photoinitiator would exhibit reduced DC or increased monomer elution at substantially short curing times compared with materials based on a Type 2 ketone/amine system. METHODS Two experimental resin composites were prepared, using either Lucirin-TPO or(More)
OBJECTIVES to complement our previous work by testing the null hypotheses that with short curing times and high DC, TPO-based resin composites would exhibit (1) higher polymerization stresses and consequently display (2) higher temperature rise and (3) higher flexural modulus, flexural strength and hardness, compared to a conventional CQ-based experimental(More)