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To ensure the actual presence of a real legitimate trait in contrast to a fake self-manufactured synthetic or reconstructed sample is a significant problem in biometric authentication, which requires the development of new and efficient protection measures. In this paper, we present a novel software-based fake detection method that can be used in multiple(More)
A function-based approach to on-line signature verification is presented. The system uses a set of time sequences and Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). Development and evaluation experiments are reported on a subcorpus of the MCYT bimodal biometric database comprising more than 7,000 signatures from 145 subjects. The system is compared to other state-of-the-art(More)
A new software-based liveness detection approach using a novel fingerprint parameterization based on quality related features is proposed. The system is tested on a highly challenging database comprising over 10,500 real and fake images acquired with five sensors of different technologies and covering a wide range of direct attack scenarios in terms of(More)
A new liveness detection scheme for iris based on quality related measures is presented. The novel anti-spoofing technique is tested on a database comprising over 1,600 real and fake (high quality printed images) iris samples proving to have a very high potential as an effective protection scheme against direct attacks. Furthermore, the liveness detection(More)
In this contribution, the vulnerabilities of iris-based recognition systems to direct attacks are studied. A database of fake iris images has been created from real iris of the BioSec baseline database. Iris images are printed using a commercial printer and then, presented at the iris sensor. We use for our experiments a publicly available iris recognition(More)
The baseline copus of a new multimodal database, acquired in the framework of the FP6 EU BioSec Integrated Project, is presented. The corpus consist of fingerprint images acquired with three different sensors, frontal face images from a webcam, iris images from an iris sensor, and voice utterances acquired both with a close-talk headset and a distant webcam(More)
A new multimodal biometric database, acquired in the framework of the BiosecurID project, is presented together with the description of the acquisition setup and protocol. The database includes eight unimodal biometric traits, namely: speech, iris, face (still images, videos of talking faces), handwritten signature and handwritten text (on-line dynamic(More)
Automatically verifying the identity of a person by means of biometrics (e.g., face and fingerprint) is an important application in our day-to-day activities such as accessing banking services and security control in airports. To increase the system reliability, several biometric devices are often used. Such a combined system is known as a multimodal(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t This work reports a vulnerability evaluation of a highly competitive(More)
The vulnerabilities of fingerprint-based recognition systems to direct attacks with and without the cooperation of the user are studied. Two different systems, one minutiae-based and one ridge feature-based, are evaluated on a database of real and fake fingerprints. Based on the fingerprint images quality and on the results achieved on different operational(More)