Julian D. Cole

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The Level of Expressed Emotion (LEE) scale was developed to provide an index of the perceived emotional climate in a person's influential relationships. Unlike existing measures, the scale was constructed on the basis of a conceptual framework described by expressed emotion theorists. In addition to providing an overall score, the 60-item scale assesses the(More)
The relationship of the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) with two self-report scales purported to measure levels of expressed emotion was assessed. Fifteen schizophrenic patients and 22 of their relatives completed the Level of Expressed Emotion Scale (LEE) and the Influential Relationships Questionnaire (IRQ). The relatives of patients also participated(More)
The predictive validity of the Level of Expressed Emotion (LEE) Scale in a group of schizophrenic patients was examined. Forty-six patients with DSM-III diagnoses of schizophrenic disorders were administered the perceived expressed emotion measure (LEE) and followed up for a 5-year period. Patients' ratings of their social environments were related to(More)
S. J. Zhu, J. H. Hamilton, A. V. Ramayya, J. K. Hwang, C. Y. Gan, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Beyer, J. Kormicki, M. Sakhaee, L. M. Yang, L. Y. Zhu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Zhang, Z. Jiang, W. C. Ma, E. F. Jones, P. M. Gore, J. D. Cole, M. W. Drigert, I. Y. Lee, J. O. Rasmussen, T. N. Ginter, Y. X. Luo, S. C. Wu, C. Folden, P. Fallon, P. Zielinski, K. E. Gregorich, A. O.(More)