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Relatively little is known about the role of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in extinction of appetitively motivated tasks. The benzodiazepine (BZ) chlordiazepoxide (CDP) was administered during extinction and re-acquisition of lever pressing by mice following food reinforced discrete-trial fixed-ratio 5 (FR-5) training.(More)
  • J C Leslie
  • 1977
In Experiment I, the responding of rats lever pressing on a variable-interval schedule for sucrose solution was partially suppressed by a variable duration conditioned stimulus followed by shock. When food deprivation was increased, response rates during and before the conditioned stimulus increased monotonically. Varying the concentration of sucrose across(More)
The study examined the possibility that propranolol, buspirone, pCPA, and reserpine have antianxiety effects by comparing their effects with those of chlordiazepoxide on an open-field test of emotionality in rats. The effects of intraperitoneal injections of d,l, propranolol (5, 10, 20 mg/kg), buspirone (1.25, 2.5, 5 mg/kg), reserpine (0.5 mg/kg),(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 8 (mGlu(8)) is presynaptically located and regulates the release of the transmitter. Dysfunctions of this mechanism are involved in the pathophysiology of different psychiatric disorders. mGlu(8) deficient mice have been previously investigated in a range of studies, but the results are contradictory and there are(More)
A tandem mass spectrometric investigation of the collision-induced dissociation of five commonly prescribed psychoactive pharmaceuticals, risperidone, sertraline, paroxetine, trimipramine, and mirtazapine, and their metabolites has been carried out. Quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry was employed to generate tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) data of the(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist D-cycloserine (DCS) facilitates extinction following Pavlovian fear conditioning or conditioned place preference in rats, but its effects on extinction following operant conditioning are not previously established. We studied the effects of DCS on operant extinction with mice, previously(More)
Extinction following positively reinforced operant conditioning reduces response frequency, at least in part through the aversive or frustrative effects of non-reinforcement. According to J.A. Gray's theory, non-reinforcement activates the behavioural inhibition system which in turn causes anxiety. As predicted, anxiolytic drugs including benzodiazepines(More)
A series of doses (0.5 to 2.0 mg/kg) of d-amphetamine was administered to rats whose lever pressing was maintained by fixed-interval 30-s, 60-s, or 120-s schedules of reinforcement by sucrose delivery. Under both saline and d-amphetamine conditions, molecular features of responding were reliably described in terms of the distribution of postreinforcement(More)
Several recent studies have shown that reducing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated neurotransmission retards extinction of aversive conditioning. However, relatively little is known about the effect of GABA on extinction of appetitively motivated tasks. We examined the effect of chlordiazepoxide (CDP), a classical benzodiazepine (BZ) and two novel(More)
Effects on the extinction of GABAergic drug, chlordiazepoxide (CDP), and glutamatergic drug, d-cycloserine (DCS), in C57BL/6 mice were compared. Following a palatability test (Experiment 1), Experiments 2–6 involved food-reinforced lever press training followed by extinction sessions at 1- or 4-day intervals. The effects of drugs were examined. Experiment 7(More)