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In Experiment I, the responding of rats lever pressing on a variable-interval schedule for sucrose solution was partially suppressed by a variable duration conditioned stimulus followed by shock. When food deprivation was increased, response rates during and before the conditioned stimulus increased monotonically. Varying the concentration of sucrose across(More)
The study examined the possibility that propranolol, buspirone, pCPA, and reserpine have antianxiety effects by comparing their effects with those of chlordiazepoxide on an open-field test of emotionality in rats. The effects of intraperitoneal injections of d,l, propranolol (5, 10, 20 mg/kg), buspirone (1.25, 2.5, 5 mg/kg), reserpine (0.5 mg/kg),(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist D-cycloserine (DCS) facilitates extinction following Pavlovian fear conditioning or conditioned place preference in rats, but its effects on extinction following operant conditioning are not previously established. We studied the effects of DCS on operant extinction with mice, previously(More)
Extinction following positively reinforced operant conditioning reduces response frequency, at least in part through the aversive or frustrative effects of non-reinforcement. According to J.A. Gray's theory, non-reinforcement activates the behavioural inhibition system which in turn causes anxiety. As predicted, anxiolytic drugs including benzodiazepines(More)
Learning and memory are central topics in behavioral neuroscience, and inbred mice strains are widely investigated. However, operant conditioning techniques are not as extensively used in this field as they should be, given the effectiveness of the methodology of the experimental analysis of behavior. In the present study, male C57B1/6 mice, widely used as(More)
Several recent studies have shown that reducing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated neurotransmission retards extinction of aversive conditioning. However, relatively little is known about the effect of GABA on extinction of appetitively motivated tasks. We examined the effect of chlordiazepoxide (CDP), a classical benzodiazepine (BZ) and two novel(More)
The aim was to compare operant extinction with re-extinction following re-acquisition and to investigate neuropharmacological mechanisms through administration of drugs potentiating GABAergic or glutamatergic systems. Groups of C57Bl/6 mice were trained to lever press for food on a fixed ratio schedule, then extinguished with or without pre-session(More)
Over the 30 years of conflict, Northern Ireland escaped the worst excess of illegal drug trafficking and usage. However, the recent 'peace dividend' has brought with it an unprecedented rise in the availability and use of illicit drugs. With this, new problems and pressures have been brought to bear on the health service. The literature would suggest that(More)
An earlier history of partial or continuous reinforcement produces differential behavioural effects during extinction in the runway, with an earlier partial reinforcement (PRF) leading to an increased resistance to extinction. This effect has been attributed to conditioned frustration or generalization-decrement processes. The actions of antianxiety drugs(More)
A procedure is described which disrupts response-reinforcer contiguity and response dependency and which demonstrates how the location of the response dependency in interval schedules can be regarded as a controlling variable in its own right. Rats' lever pressing produced sucrose on a recycling conjunctive fixed-time 30-second fixed-ratio 1 schedule of(More)