Julian C. K. Lui

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In mammals, somatic growth is rapid in early postnatal life but decelerates with age and eventually halts, thus determining the adult body size of the species. This growth deceleration, which reflects declining proliferation, occurs simultaneously in multiple organs yet appears not to be coordinated by a systemic mechanism. We, therefore, hypothesized that(More)
Mammalian somatic growth is rapid in early postnatal life but then slows and eventually ceases in multiple tissues. We hypothesized that there exists a postnatal gene expression program that is common to multiple tissues and is responsible for this coordinate growth deceleration. Consistent with this hypothesis, microarray analysis identified more than 1600(More)
Recent studies have begun to provide insight into a long-standing mystery in biology-why body growth in animals is rapid in early life but then progressively slows, thus imposing a limit on adult body size. This growth deceleration in mammals is caused by potent suppression of cell proliferation in multiple tissues and is driven primarily by local, rather(More)
Proteoglycans are a component of the extracellular matrix and are critical for cellular and tissue function. Mutations in proteoglycan components and enzymes involved in proteoglycan synthesis have been implicated in several growth disorders, with common features including short stature and skeletal dysplasia. For example, mutations in B4GALT7, a gene whose(More)
Children grow, but adults do not. The cessation of growth in multiple organs is the end result of a progressive decline in cell proliferation beginning in early life. The mechanisms responsible for this growth deceleration are largely unknown. Using expression microarray and real-time PCR, we identified a common program of gene expression in lung, kidney,(More)
The main challenge for gaining biological insights from genetic associations is identifying which genes and pathways explain the associations. Here we present DEPICT, an integrative tool that employs predicted gene functions to systematically prioritize the most likely causal genes at associated loci, highlight enriched pathways and identify tissues/cell(More)
Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is an important fetal growth factor. Its expression is dramatically down-regulated in multiple organs after birth but is frequently up-regulated in cancers. The mechanisms that drive down-regulation of IGF2 in postnatal tissues or the up-regulation in malignancy are unclear. We found evidence that E2F transcription factor(More)
Body growth is rapid in infancy but subsequently slows and eventually ceases due to a progressive decline in cell proliferation that occurs simultaneously in multiple organs. We previously showed that this decline in proliferation is driven in part by postnatal down-regulation of a large set of growth-promoting genes in multiple organs. We hypothesized that(More)
In mammals, proliferation is rapid in many tissues during early postnatal life, causing rapid somatic growth. This robust proliferation is then suppressed as the animal approaches adult size, bringing many tissues to a quiescent state where proliferation occurs only as needed to replace dying cells. Recent evidence suggests that the mechanism responsible(More)
CONTEXT Microcephalic primordial dwarfism (MPD) is a rare, severe form of human growth failure in which growth restriction is evident in utero and continues into postnatal life. Single causative gene defects have been identified in a number of patients with MPD, and all involve genes fundamental to cellular processes including centrosome functions. (More)