A pplying a new theoretical and empirical approach to intrafirm knowledge transfers, this paper provides some initial insight to the little-researched phenomenon of why some subsidiaries are isolated from knowledge-transfer activities within the multinational corporation (MNC). Knowledge transfer is framed as a problemistic search process initiated by the… (More)
This paper addresses issues of global innovation in multinational corporations by examining the patterns of communication and control in international R&D operations. Using a sample of 110 international R&D units from 15 multinational corporations, we identify three types of R&D unit role (local adaptor, international adaptor, international creator). We… (More)
O rganizational ambidexterity has emerged as a new research paradigm in organization theory, yet several issues fundamental to this debate remain controversial. We explore four central tensions here: Should organizations achieve ambidexterity through differentiation or through integration? Does ambidexterity occur at the individual or organizational level?… (More)
The management of technology acquisitions-acquisitions of small technology based firms by large established firms-poses an organizational paradox. Acquirers must integrate acquired firms in order to exploit their technologies in a coordinated manner; at the same time, they must preserve organizational autonomy for acquired firms in order to avoid disrupting… (More)
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This paper examines the validity of knowledge as a contingency variable. Building on recent advances in thinking about the dimensions of knowledge assets (Winter 1987, Zander and Kogut 1995), we argue that such dimensions might have an important influence on organization structure. More specifically, we focus on two dimensions of knowledge—observability and… (More)
We would like to thank Sid Winter for valuable insights that helped build and then sharpen the theory; Doug Duncan for his support and guidance in the mortgage banking industry; Freek Vermeulen, Julian Birkinshaw, Sumantra Ghoshal, Costas Markides and Margarethe Wiersema for useful comments; and Srikanth Kannan for research assistance. We would also like to… (More)
This study investigates how foreign subsidiaries gain attention from corporate headquarters. Using detailed questionnaire and archival data on 283 subsidiaries of multinational enterprises, our analysis revealed three significant findings. First, attention decisions are partially based on the structural positions that subsidiary units occupy within a… (More)