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Statins [3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors] exert cholesterol-independent pleiotropic effects that include anti-thrombotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidative properties. Here, we examined direct protective effects of atorvastatin on neurones in different cell damage models in vitro. Primary cortical neurones were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In past years, thrombectomy has become a widely used procedure in interventional neuroradiology for the treatment of acute intracranial occlusions. However, in 10-20% of patients, there are additional occlusions or stenotic lesions of the ipsilateral cervical internal carotid artery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Haematoma expansion is a major cause of mortality in intracranial haemorrhage related to vitamin K antagonists (VKA-ICH). Normalisation of the international normalised ratio (INR) is recommended, but optimum haemostatic management is controversial. We assessed the safety and efficacy of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) versus prothrombin complex(More)
Importance Optimal management of sedation and airway during thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke is controversial due to lack of evidence from randomized trials. Objective To assess whether conscious sedation is superior to general anesthesia for early neurological improvement among patients receiving stroke thrombectomy. Design, Setting, and(More)
INTRODUCTION The impact of anemia on functional outcome and mortality in patients suffering from non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has not been investigated. Here, we assessed the relationship between hemoglobin (HB) levels and clinical outcome after ICH. METHODS One hundred and ninety six patients suffering from supratentorial, non-traumatic(More)
BACKGROUND Early decompressive hemicraniectomy reduces mortality without increasing the risk of very severe disability among patients 60 years of age or younger with complete or subtotal space-occupying middle-cerebral-artery infarction. Its benefit in older patients is uncertain. METHODS We randomly assigned 112 patients 61 years of age or older (median,(More)
Large hemispheric infarction (LHI), also known as malignant middle cerebral infarction, is a devastating disease associated with significant disability and mortality. Clinicians and family members are often faced with a paucity of high quality clinical data as they attempt to determine the most appropriate course of treatment for patients with LHI, and(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal management of physiological parameters in neurological/neurosurgical intensive care units (NICUs) is largely unclear as high-quality evidence is lacking. The aim of this survey was to investigate if standards exist in the use of clinical scores, systemic and cerebral monitoring and the targeting of physiology values and in what way this(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with severe space-occupying--so-called malignant--middle cerebral artery infarcts have a poor prognosis even under maximum intensive care treatment. Randomised trials demonstrated that early hemicraniectomy reduces mortality from about 70% to 20% without increasing the risk of being very severely disabled. Hemicraniectomy increases the(More)
Large hemispheric infarction (LHI), synonymously called malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction, is a severe neurological disease with a high mortality and morbidity. Treating physicians as well as relatives are often faced with few and low quality data when attempting to apply optimal treatment to these patients and make decisions. While current(More)