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Muscle cell fiber types in gracilis, rectus femoris, and long head of triceps brachii muscles of ferrets and dogs were identified on serial sections stained for myosin ATPase after preincubation at pH values of 9.8, 4.6, and 4.3 and for NADH-tetrazolium reductase (NADH-TR) activity. Although fiber types I and II were identified, the ATPase stain did not(More)
Exercise training produces enhanced nitric oxide (NO)-dependent, endothelium-mediated vasodilator responses of porcine coronary arterioles but not conduit coronary arteries. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training increases the amount of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in the coronary arterial microcirculation but not in(More)
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that an endurance training program designed to produce recruitment of all extensor muscle fiber types during each exercise bout would stimulate capillary angiogenesis throughout rat gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exercise trained 5 days/wk for 12-14 wk with exercise(More)
The visceral nervous system has several levels of anatomical organization. Individual viscera, including the heart and the intestines, have neural tissue embedded in their walls that is capable, under some circumstances, of a truly autonomic self-regulation of that organ's activity. This self-regulation will not respond to all the varying needs of the organ(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that endurance exercise training induces increased oxidative capacity in porcine skeletal muscle. To test this hypothesis, female miniature swine were either trained by treadmill running 5 days/wk over 16-20 wk (Trn; n = 35) or pen confined (Sed; n = 33). Myocardial hypertrophy, lower heart rates(More)
The High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) experiment is an air fluorescence detector which, operating in stereo mode, has a typical angular resolution of 0.6 • and is sensitive to cosmic rays with energies above 10 18 eV. HiRes is thus an excellent instrument for the study of the arrival directions of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays. We present the results of a(More)
Air-fluorescence detectors such as the High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) detector are very sensitive to upward-going, Earth-skimming ultrahigh energy electron-neutrino-induced showers. This is due to the relatively large interaction cross sections of these high-energy neutrinos and to the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) effect. The LPM effect causes a(More)
The distribution of cells that stain positive for beta-endorphin and ACTH immunoreactivity was studied in the pars intermedia (PI) of the hypophysis in 3 healthy horses and 2 healthy ponies. Serial sections treated with commercial antibodies generated against beta-endorphin or ACTH were processed for immunocytochemical studies, using the avidin biotin(More)