Julian A. T. Dow

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FlyAtlas, a new online resource, provides the most comprehensive view yet of expression in multiple tissues of Drosophila melanogaster. Meta-analysis of the data shows that a significant fraction of the genome is expressed with great tissue specificity in the adult, demonstrating the need for the functional genomic community to embrace a wide range of(More)
The insect renal (Malpighian) tubule has long been a model system for the study of fluid secretion and its neurohormonal control (Maddrell, 1981; Maddrell and O’Donnell, 1992). Classical physiology suggests a model for tubular secretion of iso-osmotic fluid in most insects, in which ions are thought to enter basally either through a series of ion channels(More)
Microelectrode measurements of basal, apical and transepithelial potentials in the Malpighian tubules of Drosophila melanogaster were obtained under a range of conditions in order to investigate whether each of the three main second messenger systems known to act in the tubules (cyclic AMP, cyclic GMP and Ca2+) acted specifically on either cation or anion(More)
Specification of pattern is fundamental to the development of a multicellular organism. The Malpighian (renal) tubule of Drosophila melanogaster is a simple epithelium that proliferates under the direction of a single tip cell into three morphologically distinct domains. However, systematic analysis of a panel of over 700 P[GAL4] enhancer trap lines reveals(More)
Leucokinins are insect neuropeptides that stimulate hindgut motility and renal fluid secretion. Drosophila has a single leucokinin gene, pp, encoding the longest known leucokinin, Drosokinin. To identify its receptor, a genome-wide scan for G-protein-coupled receptors was performed in silico and candidate receptors identified by similarity to known(More)
Many insects are highly resistant to plant toxins, such as the cardiac glycoside ouabain. How can the epithelia that must handle such toxins, also be refractory to them? In Drosophila, the Malpighian (renal) tubule contains large amounts of Na(+),K(+) ATPase that is known biochemically to be exquisitely sensitive to ouabain, yet the intact tissue is almost(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) accelerate the movement of water and other solutes across biological membranes, yet the molecular mechanisms of each AQP's transport function and the diverse physiological roles played by AQP family members are still being defined. We therefore have characterized an AQP in a model organism, Drosophila melanogaster, which is amenable to(More)
Molecular biology is reaching new depths in our understanding of the development and physiology of Malpighian tubules. In Diptera, Malpighian tubules derive from ectodermal cells that evaginate from the primitive hindgut and subsequently undergo a sequence of orderly events that culminates in an active excretory organ by the time the larva takes its first(More)
The nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway plays major roles in the vertebrate vascular, nervous, and immune systems. Here we present evidence that all the elements in the NO pathway are present in, and act to control epithelial fluid secretion by, the Malpighian tubules of an insect, Drosophila melanogaster. This finding will allow both a physiological and a(More)
A Drosophila gene (capability, capa) at 99D on chromosome 3R potentially encodes three neuropeptides: GANMGLYAFPRV-amide (capa-1), ASGLVAFPRV-amide (capa-2), and TGPSASSGLWGPRL-amide (capa-3). Capa-1 and capa-2 are related to the lepidopteran hormone cardioacceleratory peptide 2b, while capa-3 is a novel member of the pheromone biosynthesis-activating(More)