Julia Yuen-Shan Tsang

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BACKGROUND & AIMS To explore the hypothesis that selective immune responses to distinct components of the intestinal microflora induce intestinal inflammation, we characterized disease kinetics and bacterial antigen-specific T-cell responses in ex germ-free interleukin 10 -/- and wild-type control mice monoassociated with Enterococcus faecalis , Escherichia(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells play a critical role in the induction and maintenance of peripheral immune tolerance. In experimental transplantation models in which tolerance was induced, donor-specific Treg cells could be identified that were capable of transferring the tolerant state to naive animals. Furthermore, these cells appeared to have(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) suppresses T cell responses by its action in catabolising tryptophan. It is important in maintenance of immune privilege in the placenta. We investigated the activity of IDO in the cornea, following corneal transplantation and the effect of IDO over-expression in donor corneal endothelium on the survival of corneal(More)
T cell responses to MHC-mismatched transplants can be mediated via direct recognition of allogeneic MHC molecules on the cells of the transplant or via recognition of allogeneic peptides presented on the surface of recipient APCs in recipient MHC molecules - a process known as indirect recognition. As CD4(+)CD25(+) Tregs play an important role in regulating(More)
T-cell receptor (TCR) gene transfer is an attractive strategy to generate antigen-specific T-cells for adoptive immunotherapy of cancer and chronic viral infection. However, current TCR gene transfer protocols trigger T-cell differentiation into terminally differentiated effector cells, which likely have reduced ability to mediate disease protection in(More)
Antigen presentation by activated human and rat CD4(+) T cells has long been known to induce hyporesponsiveness due to a combination of anergy and apoptosis. It has been assumed that no such phenomenon occurs in mice due to the inability of mouse T cells to synthesize major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules. There have been several recent(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells play an important role in peripheral tolerance. Upon T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated activation, the cells fail to proliferate but are induced to have a suppressor function. The intracellular signaling events that lead to their responses have not been elucidated. In this study, we have examined the proximal TCR signaling events(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a crucial role in controlling immune responses. It is an appealing strategy to harness Tregs for adoptive cell therapy to induce tolerance to allografts. Several approaches have been developed to expand antigen-specific Tregs. Despite the large body of experimental data from murine studies demonstrating the(More)
Specific pathogen free (SPF) rodents are derived from germfree animals that are colonized with Schaedler's flora, a cocktail of eight bacterial strains isolated from the natural biota of mice. During successive generations SPF animals acquire a complex biota, but it is not known how similar it is to natural mouse biota. Therefore, fecal pellets of two feral(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg cells maintain immunological tolerance. In this study, the possibility that Treg cells control immune responses via the production of secreted membrane vesicles, such as exosomes, was investigated. Exosomes are released by many cell types, including T cells, and have regulatory functions. Indeed, TCR activation of both freshly(More)