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Fluctuations and dyskinesias are the 2 main motor complications associated with chronic levodopa therapy. Striatal denervation following degeneration of the substantia nigra dopaminergic projections is probably the major pathophysiologic mechanism underlying motor fluctuations. In addition, pathologic modification of striatal receptors, partially related to(More)
INTRODUCTION Freezing of gait (FOG) is one of the most disabling and enigmatic symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Vascular lesions, observed in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, may produce or exacerbate this symptom. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study includes 22 patients with Parkinson's disease subjects, 12 with freezing of gait and 10 without. All(More)
A patient with a bilateral striatal lesion secondary to anoxia presented reflex blepharospasm associated with parkinsonism and dystonia in the limbs. The blink reflex excitability curve was enhanced and the R-2 response prolonged as in patients with essential blepharospasm. The findings in this patient support the notion that blepharospasm may be secondary(More)
Thirty-eight parkinsonian patients with motor fluctuations and dyskinesias on chronic levodopa therapy were treated with subcutaneous lisuride infusion (SLI). Thirty-six were discharged from hospital on combined treatment with 24 h lisuride infusion (111.3 +/- 29.5 micrograms/h) and oral levodopa plus a decarboxylase inhibitor (729.6 +/- 452 mg/day); all(More)
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) in Parkinson's disease (PD) may be classified into three main categories: "On" dyskinesias, diphasic dyskinesias (DD), and "off" periods. The study of 168 parkinsonian patients showed that about half (n = 84) showed one pattern of LID only. A combination of two was present in 68, and 16 had the three presentation patterns.(More)
28 patients with Parkinson's disease showing complex "on-off" fluctuations in response to chronic levodopa plus dopa decarboxylase inhibitor (po) were treated with subcutaneous lisuride using a portable infusion pump. All patients improved initially during the first weeks of treatment. Four patients abandoned the trial within the first few weeks as a(More)
Complex motor fluctuations and dyskinesias ("on-off" phenomenon) in Parkinson's disease can be corrected by parenteral administration of levodopa, levodopa-methyl-ester, lisuride and apomorphine. Levodopa and levodopa-methyl-ester may only be administered intravenously because of their low solubility. Lisuride and apomorphine are readily absorbed after(More)