Julia V Gerasimenko

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Uptake and release of Ca2+ from isolated liver nuclei were studied with fluorescent probes. We show with the help of digital imaging and confocal microscopy that the Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent probe Fura 2 is concentrated in or around the nuclear envelope and that the distribution of Fura 2 fluorescence is similar to that of an endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Agonist-evoked cytosolic Ca(2+) spikes in mouse pancreatic acinar cells are specifically initiated in the apical secretory pole and are mostly confined to this region. The role played by mitochondria in this process has been investigated. Using the mitochondria-specific fluorescent dyes MitoTracker Green and Rhodamine 123, these organelles appeared as a(More)
A number of specific cellular Ca2+ uptake pathways have been described in many different cell types [1] [2] [3]. The possibility that substantial quantities of Ca2+ could be imported via endocytosis has essentially been ignored, although it has been recognized that endosomes can store Ca2+ [4] [5]. Exocrine cells can release significant amounts of Ca2+ via(More)
Hormones and neurotransmitters mobilize Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum via inositol trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptors, but how a single target cell encodes different extracellular signals to generate specific cytosolic Ca(2+) responses is unknown. In pancreatic acinar cells, acetylcholine evokes local Ca(2+) spiking in the apical granular pole, whereas(More)
Due to the availability of new biophysical and biochemical techniques, there has recently been considerable progress in our understanding of Ca2+ transport inside, as well as into and out of, the nucleus. A number of Ca2+ transport pathways have been localized specifically in the outer or inner nuclear membrane and the Ca2+ permeability through the nuclear(More)
Ca2+ release from the envelope of isolated pancreatic acinar nuclei could be activated by nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) as well as by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR). Each of these agents reduced the Ca2+ concentration inside the nuclear envelope, and this was associated with a transient rise in the(More)
In pancreatic acinar cells low (physiological) agonist concentrations evoke cytosolic Ca2+ spikes specifically in the apical secretory pole that contains a high density of secretory (zymogen) granules (ZGs). Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is believed to release Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum, but we have now tested whether the Ca(2+)-releasing(More)
In normal pancreatic acinar cells, the oxidant menadione evokes repetitive cytosolic Ca(2+) spikes, partial mitochondrial depolarisation, cytochrome c release and apoptosis. The physiological agonists acetylcholine and cholecystokinin also evoke cytosolic Ca(2+) spikes but do not depolarise mitochondria and fail to induce apoptosis. Ca(2+) spikes induced by(More)
Secretagogues, such as cholecystokinin and acetylcholine, utilise a variety of second messengers (inositol trisphosphate, cADPR and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate) to induce specific oscillatory patterns of calcium (Ca(2+)) signals in pancreatic acinar cells. These are tightly controlled in a spatiotemporal manner, and are coupled to(More)
Nuclear calcium signalling has been a controversial battlefield for many years and the question of how permeable the nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are to Ca2+ has been the subject of a particularly hot dispute. Recent data from isolated nuclei suggest that the NPCs are open even after depletion of the Ca2+ store in the nuclear envelope. Other research has(More)