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Uptake and release of Ca2+ from isolated liver nuclei were studied with fluorescent probes. We show with the help of digital imaging and confocal microscopy that the Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent probe Fura 2 is concentrated in or around the nuclear envelope and that the distribution of Fura 2 fluorescence is similar to that of an endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Agonist-evoked cytosolic Ca(2+) spikes in mouse pancreatic acinar cells are specifically initiated in the apical secretory pole and are mostly confined to this region. The role played by mitochondria in this process has been investigated. Using the mitochondria-specific fluorescent dyes MitoTracker Green and Rhodamine 123, these organelles appeared as a(More)
Hormones and neurotransmitters mobilize Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum via inositol trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptors, but how a single target cell encodes different extracellular signals to generate specific cytosolic Ca(2+) responses is unknown. In pancreatic acinar cells, acetylcholine evokes local Ca(2+) spiking in the apical granular pole, whereas(More)
Nuclear calcium signalling has been a controversial battlefield for many years and the question of how permeable the nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are to Ca2+ has been the subject of a particularly hot dispute. Recent data from isolated nuclei suggest that the NPCs are open even after depletion of the Ca2+ store in the nuclear envelope. Other research has(More)
Acute pancreatitis is a human disease in which the pancreatic pro-enzymes, packaged into the zymogen granules of acinar cells, become activated and cause autodigestion. The main causes of pancreatitis are alcohol abuse and biliary disease. A considerable body of evidence indicates that the primary event initiating the disease process is the excessive(More)
Physiological stimulation of pancreatic acinar cells by cholecystokinin and acetylcholine activate a spatial-temporal pattern of cytosolic [Ca+2] changes that are regulated by a coordinated response of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs), ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and calcium-induced calcium release (CICR). For the present study, we designed(More)
In normal pancreatic acinar cells, the oxidant menadione evokes repetitive cytosolic Ca(2+) spikes, partial mitochondrial depolarisation, cytochrome c release and apoptosis. The physiological agonists acetylcholine and cholecystokinin also evoke cytosolic Ca(2+) spikes but do not depolarise mitochondria and fail to induce apoptosis. Ca(2+) spikes induced by(More)
In pancreatic acinar cells low (physiological) agonist concentrations evoke cytosolic Ca2+ spikes specifically in the apical secretory pole that contains a high density of secretory (zymogen) granules (ZGs). Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is believed to release Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum, but we have now tested whether the Ca(2+)-releasing(More)
Gallstones can cause acute pancreatitis, an often fatal disease in which the pancreas digests itself. This is probably because of biliary reflux into the pancreatic duct and subsequent bile acid action on the acinar cells. Because Ca(2+) toxicity is important for the cellular damage in pancreatitis, we have studied the mechanisms by which the bile acid(More)
Ca2+ release from the envelope of isolated pancreatic acinar nuclei could be activated by nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) as well as by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR). Each of these agents reduced the Ca2+ concentration inside the nuclear envelope, and this was associated with a transient rise in the(More)