Julia T Shelburne

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OBJECTIVE To develop and test the psychometric properties of two new survey scales aiming to measure the extent to which the clinical environment supports speaking up about (a) patient safety concerns and (b) unprofessional behaviour. METHOD Residents from six large US academic medical centres completed an anonymous, electronic survey containing questions(More)
BACKGROUND Open communication between healthcare professionals about care concerns, also known as 'speaking up', is essential to patient safety. OBJECTIVE Compare interns' and residents' experiences, attitudes and factors associated with speaking up about traditional versus professionalism-related safety threats. DESIGN Anonymous, cross-sectional(More)
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