Julia Stähler

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The electronic and structural properties of a material are strongly determined by its symmetry. Changing the symmetry via a photoinduced phase transition offers new ways to manipulate material properties on ultrafast timescales. However, to identify when and how fast these phase transitions occur, methods that can probe the symmetry change in the time(More)
Using femtosecond time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy we demonstrate that photoexcitation transforms monoclinic VO2 quasi-instantaneously into a metal. Thereby, we exclude an 80 fs structural bottleneck for the photoinduced electronic phase transition of VO2. First-principles many-body perturbation theory calculations reveal a high sensitivity of the(More)
The structure of D2O clusters on a Cu(111) surface and the femtosecond dynamics of photoexcited excess electrons are investigated by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and two-photon photoemission spectroscopy. Two types of amorphous ice clusters, porous and compact, which exhibit characteristic differences in electron dynamics, are identified.(More)
Excess electrons in polar media, such as water or ice, are screened by reorientation of the surrounding molecular dipoles. This process of electron solvation is of vital importance for various fields of physical chemistry and biology as, for instance, in electrochemistry or photosynthesis. Generation of such excess electrons in bulk water involves either(More)
We measure the ultrafast recombination of photoexcited quasiparticles (holon-doublon pairs) in the one dimensional Mott insulator ET-F(2)TCNQ as a function of external pressure, which is used to tune the electronic structure. At each pressure value, we first fit the static optical properties and extract the electronic bandwidth t and the intersite(More)
The interactions between long-living electrons trapped in defects of crystalline D2O and electronegative molecules have been investigated using two-photon photoemission spectroscopy. When covered by a Xe adlayer, the spectroscopic signature of the trapped electrons vanishes, which provides evidence that the trapping sites are located on the surface of the(More)
We study the ultrafast quasiparticle dynamics in and below the ZnO conduction band using femtosecond time-resolved two-photon photoelectron spectroscopy. Above band gap excitation causes hot electron relaxation by electron-phonon scattering down to the Fermi level E_{F} followed by ultrafast (200 fs) formation of a surface exciton (SX). Transient screening(More)
We investigate the binding site of solvated electrons in amorphous D(2)O clusters and D(2)O wetting layers adsorbed on Cu(111) by means of two-photon photoelectron (2PPE) spectroscopy. On the basis of different interactions of bulk- or surface-bound solvated electrons with rare gas atoms, titration experiments using Xe overlayers reveal the location of the(More)
The solvation dynamics and reactivity of localized excess electrons in aqueous environments have attracted great attention in many areas of physics, chemistry, and biology. This manifold attraction results from the importance of water as a solvent in nature as well as from the key role of low-energy electrons in many chemical reactions. One prominent(More)
Using femtosecond time-resolved two-photon photoelectron spectroscopy, we determine (i) the vertical binding energy (VBE = 0.8 eV) of electrons in the conduction band in supported amorphous solid water (ASW) layers, (ii) the time scale of ultrafast trapping at pre-existing sites (22 fs), and (iii) the initial VBE (1.4 eV) of solvated electrons before(More)