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Six substitutionally inert [Ru(II) (bipy)2 dppz](2+) derivatives (bipy=2,2'-bipyridine, dppz=dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) bearing different functional groups on the dppz ligand [NH2 (1), OMe (2), OAc (3), OH (4), CH2 OH (5), CH2 Cl (6)] were synthesized and studied as potential photosensitizers (PSs) in photodynamic therapy (PDT). As also confirmed by(More)
BACKGROUND Chagas' disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic to Latin America and may be transmitted in the United States via blood donated by infected immigrants. Blood-borne pathogens such as T. cruzi require supplemental testing for confirmation of seroreactivity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A study was undertaken to(More)
Metal complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands have been widely used in catalytic chemistry and are now increasingly considered for the development of new chemical tools and metal based drugs. Ruthenium complexes of the type (p-cymene)(NHC)RuCl(2) interacted with biologically relevant thiols and selenols, which resulted in the inhibition of(More)
Endotracheal aspirates (EA) from 20 intubated patients in a surgical intensive care unit (mean ventilation time/patient = 16.5 days) were investigated serially by performing quantitative cultures using growth of 10(5) cfu/mL as a cut-off point. Microscopic examinations were made using Giemsa's stain for polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). The spectrum of(More)
A great majority of the Ru complexes currently studied in anticancer research exert their antiproliferative activity, at least partially, through ligand exchange. In recent years, however, coordinatively saturated and substitutionally inert polypyridyl Ru(II) compounds have emerged as potential anticancer drug candidates. In this work, we present the(More)
Labeling of peptide nucleic acids (PNA) with metallocene complexes is explored herein for the modulation of the analytical characteristics, as well as biological properties of PNA. The synthesis of the first ruthenocene-PNA conjugate with a dodecamer, mixed-sequence PNA is described, and its properties are compared to a ferrocene-labeled analogue as well as(More)
BACKGROUND Chagas' disease or American trypanosomiasis, caused by infection with Trypanosoma cruzi, is a significant health problem in Latin America. In the United States, transfusions of T. cruzi-contaminated blood from Latin American immigrants may represent the major source of Chagas' disease. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A new enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for(More)
Titanium(IV) complexes with a salan or cyclopentadienyl ligand showed different biological behaviour concerning binding to biomolecules, cellular accumulation and intracellular distribution. Binding efficacy as well as trafficking on the cellular level are crucial parameters for their biological effects.
Gold(i) complexes with phosphane and thiotetrazolate ligands were prepared and investigated as a new type of bioactive gold metallodrugs. The complexes triggered very efficient inhibition of the enzyme thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), which is an important molecular target for gold species. Strong cytotoxic effects were observed in MDA-MB-231 breast(More)