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Alpha4 integrins are used by leukocytes and neural crest derivatives for adhesion and migration during embryogenesis, immune responses and tumour invasion. The pro-migratory activity of alpha4 integrin is mediated in part through the direct binding of the cytoplasmic domain to paxillin. Here, using intermolecular FRET and biochemical analyses, we report a(More)
Cellular organelles have been shown to shuttle between cells in co-culture. We hereby show that titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) can be transferred in such a manner, between cells in direct contact, along with endosomes and lysosomes. A co-culture system was employed for this purpose and the NP transfer was observed in mammalian cells including(More)
Intercellular communication between cancer cells, especially between cancer and stromal cells, plays an important role in disease progression. We examined the intercellular transfer of organelles and proteins in vitro and in vivo and the role of tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) in this process. TNTs are membrane bridges that facilitate intercellular transfer of(More)
Ultra-small nanoparticles (USNPs) at 1-3 nm are a subset of nanoparticles (NPs) that exhibit intermediate physicochemical properties between molecular dispersions and larger NPs. Despite interest in their utilization in applications such as theranostics, limited data about their toxicity exist. Here the effect of TiO2-USNPs on endothelial cells in vitro,(More)
The Competing financial interests statement in this Article should read: " The University of Bergen has pending patent applications on the screening technology. Family members of the European patent, Application No. 13194536.2 – 1408 are pending. The six authors T. are named as inventors in these applications ". This work is licensed under a Creative(More)
Contact-dependent intercellular transfer (codeIT) of cellular constituents can have functional consequences for recipient cells, such as enhanced survival and drug resistance. Pathogenic viruses, prions and bacteria can also utilize this mechanism to spread to adjacent cells and potentially evade immune detection. However, little is known about the(More)
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