Julia R. Romanova

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We established a reverse genetics system for the nonstructural (NS) gene segment of influenza A virus. This system is based on the use of the temperature-sensitive (ts) reassortant virus 25A-1. The 25A-1 virus contains the NS gene from influenza A/Leningrad/134/57 virus and the remaining gene segments from A/Puerto Rico (PR)/8/34 virus. This particular gene(More)
Several NS1 mutant viruses of human influenza A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) virus were tested for their ability to induce pro-inflammatory cytokines in primary human macrophages. The findings revealed a pronounced difference in the virus-induced cytokine pattern, depending on the functionality of the NS1 protein-encoded domains. The PR8/NS1-125 mutant virus, which(More)
In this study, several influenza NS1 mutants were examined for their growth ability in interferon (IFN)-deficient Vero cells treated with human interferon alpha (IFN-alpha). Mutants with an intact RNA binding domain showed similar growth properties as the wild-type virus, whereas viruses carrying an impaired RNA binding domain were dramatically attenuated.(More)
Influenza A viruses were isolated in Vero, MDCK cells and chicken embryos. In contrast to MDCK-derived variants all H3N2 isolates obtained in Vero cells neither agglutinated chicken erythrocytes nor grew in chicken eggs. These host range differences of H3N2 Vero and MDCK isolates were noticed even in the absence of amino acid substitutions in the HA1(More)
Despite the reported efficacy of commercially available influenza virus vaccines, a considerable proportion of the human population does not respond well to vaccination. In an attempt to improve the immunogenicity of live influenza vaccines, an attenuated, cold-adapted (ca) influenza A virus expressing human interleukin-2 (IL-2) from the NS gene was(More)
Engineering of the influenza A virus NS1 protein became an attractive approach to the development of influenza vaccine vectors since it can tolerate large inserts of foreign proteins. However, influenza virus vectors expressing long foreign sequences from the NS1 open reading frame (ORF) are usually replication deficient in animals due to the abrogation of(More)
BACKGROUND. The nonstructural protein NS1 of influenza virus counteracts the interferon-mediated immune response of the host. By deleting the open reading frame of NS1, we have generated a novel type of influenza vaccine. We studied the safety and immunogenicity of an influenza strain lacking the NS1 gene (DeltaNS1-H1N1) in healthy volunteers. METHODS.(More)
We explored the immunogenic properties of influenza A viruses with altered NS1 genes (NS1 mutant viruses). NS1 mutant viruses expressing NS1 proteins with an impaired RNA-binding function or insertion of a longer foreign sequence did not replicate in murine lungs but still were capable of inducing a Th1-type immune response resulting in significant titers(More)
UNLABELLED ABSTRACT (ARB), in essential hypertensive patients not adequately controlled by amlodipine monotherapy. METHODS This was a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled study in patients with essential hypertension. After a washout period followed by a single-blind amlodipine 10 mg run-in period, patients with mean sitting diastolic(More)
The African green monkey kidney (Vero) cell line was used as a substrate for the development of a live cold-adapted (ca) reassortant influenza vaccine. For that purpose, a new master strain was generated by an adaptation of the wild type (wt) A/Singapore/1/57 virus to growth at 25 degrees C in a Vero cell line. The resulting cold-adapted (ca) muster strain(More)