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Hypothetical neural codes underlying the sensation of tactile roughness were investigated in a combined psychophysical and neurophysiological study. The stimulus set consisted of plastic surfaces embossed with dot arrays of varying dot diameter and center-to-center spacing. Human subjects explored each surface with the pad of the index finger and reported(More)
Embossed letters, used previously in pattern recognition experiments in humans, were used to study the spatial patterns of neural activity evoked in peripheral fibers and cortical neurons in areas 3b and 1 of the primary somatosensory cortex of alert rhesus (Macaca mulatta) monkeys. The object was to investigate the representation and transformation of(More)
The spatial resolving capacities of the four classes of mechanoreceptive afferents innervating human fingerpad skin were investigated to determine which class sets the limit of tactile spatial resolution for scanning stimuli. The stimulus consisted of an array of embossed dots (0.7 mm diameter, 0.5 mm high) arranged in a tetragonal pattern with dot spacing(More)
We have used microneurographic techniques in human subjects to record mechanoreceptive afferent responses to standard Braille characters scanned across the finger pads. Responses from all four mechanoreceptor classes (FA I, FA II, SA I and SA II) have been reconstructed to form two-dimensional Spatial Event Plots (raster plots) of the Braille alphabet. Both(More)
A tactile stimulator is described that moves embossed or textured patterns tangentially across the skin. Patterns constructed by standard photoetching are mounted on the outer surface of a cylinder that rotates at a selected speed and is held in contact with the skin at a selected force. The stimulator operates in several modes to meet the different(More)
The neural mechanisms subserving the sense of touch set the limits for the acquisition of information regarding the spatial and temporal characteristics of stimuli impinging on the skin surface. The results of three different psychophysical experiments imply that the skin of the finger pad can resolve the elements of a stimulus separated by 0.9 mm when the(More)