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Telomeres, the specialized nucleoprotein structures that comprise the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes, are essential for complete replication, and regulation of their length has been a focus of research on tumorigenesis. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the protein Rap1p binds to telomeric DNA and functions in the regulation of telomere length.(More)
A paramount role of telomeres is to prevent chromosome fusions. The fission yeast Taz1 protein regulates diverse telomere functions but is not essential for growth under stress-free conditions. Strikingly, however, taz1(-) cells exhibit lethal telomere fusions when subjected to nitrogen starvation, a treatment that induces an uncommitted G1 state. These(More)
Deletion of the telomerase catalytic subunit gene trt1+ in Schizosaccharomyces pombe results in death for the majority of cells, but a subpopulation survives. Here it is shown that most survivors have circularized all of their chromosomes, whereas a smaller number maintain their telomeres presumably through recombination. When the telomeric DNA-binding gene(More)
Telomere replication is achieved through the combined action of the conventional DNA replication machinery and the reverse transcriptase, telomerase. Telomere-binding proteins have crucial roles in controlling telomerase activity; however, little is known about their role in controlling semi-conservative replication, which synthesizes the bulk of telomeric(More)
What really defines a telomere? Telomere literally is an amalgamation of the Greek words "telos," meaning end, and "mer," meaning part. In practice, it refers to the extremities of linear chromosomes. The defining functions of chromosome extremities can be summarized in two main categories. First, chromosome ends trick the cell into not identifying them as(More)
Telomeres recruit telomerase and differentiate chromosome ends from sites of DNA damage. Although the DNA damage checkpoint PI3-kinases ATM and ATR localize to telomeres and promote telomerase activation, activation of their downstream checkpoint pathway targets is inhibited. Here, we show that the fission yeast telomeric protein Ccq1 is required for(More)
The alignment of homologous chromosomes during meiosis is essential for their recombination and segregation. Telomeres form and protect the ends of eukaryotic linear chromosomes, and are composed of tandem repeats of a simple DNA sequence and the proteins that bind to these repeats. A role for telomeres in meiosis was suspected from observations of telomere(More)
One fundamental function of telomeres is to prevent the ends of chromosomes from being sensed and treated as DNA damage. Here we present evidence for additional roles of telomeres in promoting proper chromosome segregation and DNA repair. We find that the fission yeast telomere protein Taz1p is required for cell cycle progression at 20 degrees C, a(More)
Several considerations suggest that levels of the two major modes of double-strand break (DSB) repair, homologous recombination (HR), and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ), are regulated through the cell cycle. However, this idea has not been explicitly tested. In the absence of the telomere-binding protein Taz1, fission yeast undergo lethal telomere fusions(More)
Repression of a-cell specific gene expression in yeast alpha cells requires MAT alpha 2 and MCM1, as well as two global repressors, SSN6 and TUP1. Previous studies demonstrated that nucleosomes positioned adjacent to the alpha 2/MCM1 operator in alpha cells directly contribute to repression. To investigate the possibility that SSN6 and TUP1 provide a link(More)