Julia Nicholls

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The development of a new standardised investigator-based interview, PACE (Psychosocial Assessment of Childhood Experiences), for the assessment of acute life events and long-term psychosocial experiences is described. An application of PACE to a sample of 84 children referred to psychiatric clinics and 22 general population controls, is presented.(More)
Maternal expressed emotion (EE) scales were rated for children aged 6-11 with conduct disorders, emotional disorders and a group of non-referred children matched for sex and age (N = 30 in each of the three groups). Maternal warmth distinguished significantly between the three groups (CD < ED < Controls), while criticism distinguished the group of conduct(More)
This study investigates the role of parental expressed emotion (EE) in families of well-adjusted children. These were randomly selected from two school populations representing two different socio-economic backgrounds. Maternal criticism was strongly correlated with children's behaviour, although both the EE ratings and the scores of children's behaviour(More)
In this follow-up study, mothers of 28 children with conduct disorders (CD) and 29 children with emotional disorders (ED) of 6-11 years of age, were interviewed and rated for expressed emotion 9 months after their first clinical assessment. Mothers of children with CD expressed significantly less criticism and higher warmth after 9 months. Initial(More)
Although most conceptualizations of social anxiety emphasise that socially anxious individuals are overtly shy, and utilise avoidant behavioural strategies (e.g., risk-aversion, passivity, and submissiveness), there is tentative support for the existence of an approach-motivated subtype, characterised by risk taking and a greater propensity for substance(More)
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