Julia M. Young

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Department of Physiology and Pharmacology (S.J.H.), Medical School, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, England; Department of Chemistry (C.R.G.), University College London, Christopher Ingold Laboratories, London, England; Department of Pharmacochemistry (H.T.), Leiden/Amsterdam Center for Drug Research, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;(More)
One of the hallmarks of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is increased ovarian androgen secretion that contributes to the ovarian, hormonal, and metabolic features of this condition. Thecal cells from women with PCOS have an enhanced capacity for androgen synthesis. To investigate whether this propensity is a potential cause, rather than a consequence, of(More)
When freshly drawn, heparinized human whole blood is incubated with 50μM calcium ionophore A23187, platelets are stimulated to produce thromboxane B2 (TxB2) by activation of prostaglandin G/H synthase-1 (PGHS-1). TxB2 concentration, as measured by immunoassay, is maximal at 20–30 min and declines thereafter. Addition of acetylsalicylic acid (IC50=2.8μM) or(More)
The temporal patterns of edema and accumulation of the PMN marker enzyme, myeloperoxidase (MPO), were examined following application of tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) to mouse ears. After application of 2.5 μg TPA, edema peaked at 6 hr, while MPO activity peaked at 24 hr. Pharmacological agents with defined mechanisms of action, delivered orally or(More)
The release of [3H]GABA from slices of rat substantia nigra pars reticulata induced by increasing extracellular K+ from 6 to 15 mM in the presence of 10 microM sulpiride was inhibited by 73 +/- 3% by 1 microM SCH 23390, consistent with a large component of release dependent upon D1 receptor activation. The histamine H3 receptor-selective agonist immepip (1(More)
1. A study was made of the regulation of [(3)H]-gamma-aminobutyric acid ([(3)H]-GABA) release from slices of rat striatum by endogenous dopamine and exogenous histamine and a histamine H(3)-agonist. Depolarization-induced release of [(3)H]-GABA was Ca(2+)-dependent and was increased in the presence of the dopamine D(2) receptor family antagonist, sulpiride(More)
Stimulation of single HeLa cells with histamine evoked repetitive increases of the intracellular calcium ion concentration (Ca2+ spikes). The frequency of Ca2+ spiking increased as the extracellular hormone concentration was elevated. In addition, the frequency of Ca2+ spiking could be accelerated by increasing the extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]0)(More)
Transmission in the "direct" pathway through the basal ganglia, which has an important role in the control of motor movement, is markedly facilitated by the concurrent activation of dopamine D(1) receptors. Consistent with this, Ca(2+)-dependent, depolarization-induced release of [(3)H]-GABA from striatal slices from rats pretreated with reserpine was(More)
1. In human U373 MG astrocytoma cells agonist-induced increases in intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) are rapidly returned towards prestimulated levels. Examination of the effect of histamine and substance P on [Ca2+]i in thapsigargin-treated cells has allowed a mechanism contributing to this effect to be characterized. 2. Histamine and substance P stimulated(More)
The utilization of circulating maltose was compared to that of glucose in six normal fasting subjects after intravenous injection of 25 g of either sugar. Blood samples were obtained over a 2 hr period and were assayed for free fatty acids (FFA), insulin, glucose, and total reducing substances. Urine was collected for 2 hr after maltose administration and(More)