Julia M. Cruz

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The purpose of this study was to test a brief orientation program for reducing anxiety, depressive symptoms, and overall distress in cancer patients at their initial clinic visit. One hundred and fifty consecutively referred patients seen in an oncology outpatient clinic were randomly assigned to an intervention or usual care control group. The intervention(More)
One hundred thirty-eight patients with recurrent or metastatic breast cancer were randomized to receive megestrol acetate 40 mg orally four times daily or tamoxifen 10 mg orally twice a day. Upon treatment failure patients were crossed over to the alternate treatment. Eligibility required that either the estrogen receptor (ER) or progesterone receptor (PR)(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer is palliative, and the optimal duration of therapy is unknown. We designed a trial to determine whether continuous treatment is superior to stopping treatment after a brief induction period and resuming treatment when the disease progresses. METHODS We treated 250 women with metastatic breast cancer(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare pre- and posttreatment quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy with autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT). Fifty-two female breast cancer patients were assessed on overall QOL, mood status, and social support before transplantation. After ABMT, 24 patients were(More)
Computed cranial tomographic scans were performed as part of the pretreatment evaluation and at six- to nine-month intervals posttreatment in 13 patients with small cell lung carcinoma. All patients received 3,000 rad of prophylactic cranial irradiation delivered over two weeks in ten treatment fractions in conjunction with multiagent chemotherapy.(More)
PURPOSE To determine in a prospective randomized trial whether high-dose orally administered medroxy-progesterone acetate (MPA) was superior to tamoxifen in patients with recurrent or metastatic breast cancer who had received no prior endocrine therapy in either the adjuvant or advanced setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients initially received either(More)
Solitary loss of the X chromosome is associated with Turner syndrome and not hematological disorders. We describe five patients with non-constitutional loss of the X chromosome as the sole cytogenetic abnormality in their bone marrow. Three of the five patients had myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), one case had AML M-6 with evidence suggestive of an evolving(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure the trajectory of psychosocial recovery over the first year after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). BMT patients were assessed at baseline (n = 86), hospital discharge (n = 74), 100 days (n = 64) and at 1 year (n = 45). Participants completed the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant Scale(More)
One hundred twenty-four patients with recurrent or metastatic breast cancer were randomized to receive megestrol acetate 40 mg orally, four times daily, or tamoxifen 10 mg orally twice daily. If therapy failed patients were crossed over to the alternate treatment. Eligibility required that either the estrogen or progesterone receptor be positive or that(More)
This study tested the efficacy of a pilot orientation program in reducing distress levels of patients with newly diagnosed cancer. Thirty-three consecutive patients were randomly assigned to an intervention or to a usual-care control group. The intervention group received a clinic tour, general information, and the opportunity to pose questions to an(More)