Julia L. Hurwitz

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T-cell immunotherapy that takes advantage of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-stimulated immunity has the potential to fill an important niche in targeted therapy for EBV-related cancers. To address questions of long-term efficacy, safety, and practicality, we studied 114 patients who had received infusions of EBV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) at 3(More)
Human parainfluenza virus-type I (hPIV-1) infections are a common cause of "group" and hospitalizations among young children. Here we address the possibility of using the xenotropic Sendai virus [a mouse parainfluenza virus (PIV)] as a vaccine for hPIV-1. Sendai virus was administered to six African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) by the intranasal(More)
Recombinant DNA and vaccinia virus (VV) vectors that express envelope (Env) proteins of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have each been prominently utilized in vaccine development. These two vectors (termed DNA-Env and VV-Env) are attractive vaccine candidates due to their abilities to elicit both cytotoxic T-lymphocyte and B-cell responses. Our(More)
Human parainfluenza virus-type 1 (hPIV-1) is the most common cause of pediatric laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) and results in close to 30,000 US hospitalizations each year. No effective vaccine is available. We examined murine PIV-1 (Sendai virus, SeV) as a live, xenotropic vaccine for the closely related human PIV-1 in a phase I, dose escalation study in(More)
A long-standing question in the field of immunology concerns the factors that contribute to Th cell epitope immunodominance. For a number of viral membrane proteins, Th cell epitopes are localized to exposed protein surfaces, often overlapping with Ab binding sites. It has therefore been proposed that Abs on B cell surfaces selectively bind and protect(More)
The human parainfluenza viruses (hPIVs) and respiratory syncytial viruses (RSVs) are the leading causes of hospitalizations due to respiratory viral disease in infants and young children, but no vaccines are yet available. Here we describe the use of recombinant Sendai viruses (rSeVs) as candidate vaccine vectors for these respiratory viruses in a cotton(More)
BACKGROUND Donor-derived, ex vivo-expanded cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can provide stem-cell transplantation (SCT) patients with a renewed capacity for virus-specific immune surveillance. Because SCT patients are often treated with cyclosporine (CsA), we questioned whether ex vivo-expanded CTL were susceptible to inhibition by this immunosuppressive drug.(More)
Our previous studies of C57BL/6 mice intranasally infected with influenza virus (A/PR8) revealed a spike of virus-specific immunoglobulin A (IgA)-secreting antibody-forming cells (AFC) in the mediastinal lymph node (MLN) 7 days post-infection. Here we show that these AFC are directed only against viral glycoprotein, and not nucleocapsid antigens. The early(More)
Morbidity and mortality due to viral infections are major health concerns, particularly when individuals are vitamin A deficient. Vitamin A deficiency significantly impairs mucosal IgA, a first line of defense against virus at its point of entry. Previous reports have suggested that CD11c(Hi) dendritic cells (DCs) of the gastrointestinal tract produce(More)
The prevention of HIV-1 by vaccination has proven to be a formidable task. In an ongoing endeavor to end the HIV-1 pandemic, scientists seek vaccines that will elicit quantitatively and qualitatively robust B-cell and T-cell activities. Given that cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) play a substantial role in the immunological control of immunodeficiency virus(More)