Learn More
Brunescent lenses and normal human lenses more than 70 years old exhibit red fluorescence due to a fluorophor with emission maximum at 672 nm under excitation by the 647.1 nm line of krypton ion laser. The properties and mode of occurrence of this fluorophor suggest that its formation is highly pertinent to senile nuclear pathology.
The authors have put quantitation of human lens fluorescence on a rational basis by using the accompanying Raman signal from lens protein as a normalization factor. The intensity ratio, Fluorescence/Raman (F/R), may be used to compare lenses of different ages when the exciting wavelength is long enough to give a measurable Raman signal. In younger lenses(More)
The mechanism of oxidative damage to the lens through intraocular photochemical generation of superoxide and its derivatization to other oxidants such as singlet oxygen, hydroxyl radical and hydrogen peroxide has been studied. Rat lenses when organ cultured aerobically in TC 199 containing additional amounts of riboflavin were damaged as demonstrated by an(More)
The disposition and disposal of the -SH groups of the lens during aging and cataractogenesis have been investigated by laser Raman spectroscopy as a noninvasive microprobe in the intact living lens. In this procedure -SH and -S-S- give unique discrete Raman signals (at 2580 and 508 cm-1) that may be used to calculate relative concentrations in a very small(More)
The late onset cataract of the Emory mouse has appealed to many investigators as a useful animal model for human senile cataract. It has been the subject of about 15 publications, beginning in 1982. These have explored many features, including histology, chromatography and isoelectric focusing of the crystallins, enzyme profiles, amino acid and ion(More)
Morphologic alterations in cortical fiber cell membranes of the developing Emory mouse cataract were studied with scanning, transmission and freeze-fracture electron microscopy. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the extensive formation of prominent ridges on the surfaces of normal-appearing fibers, greatly enlarged degenerating fibers and globular(More)
Eye lens senile cataract is a major cause of blindness, affecting the elderly in particular. The etiology of the disorder has been elusive, and attempts to delay the onset of senile cataracts have been unsuccessful. The need for more information is underscored by epidemiologists who estimate that the ability to delay cataract formation in humans by only 10(More)
We have obtained the first Raman spectrum from the lens of a live animal. A laser beam (514.5 nm; 15 mW) was directed into the eye of an anesthetized rabbit at 60 degrees from the visual axis and Raman emission was collected at 90 degrees from the incident beam. The power density at the retina was estimated at 0.5 W/cm2. The entire scattering column in the(More)