Julia K M Chan

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STUDY OBJECTIVES single motor unit recordings of the genioglossus (GG) muscle indicate that GG motor units have a variety of discharge patterns, including units that have higher discharge rates during inspiration (inspiratory phasic and inspiratory tonic), or expiration (expiratory phasic and expiratory tonic), or do not modify their rate with respiration(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol consumption is prevalent in late adolescence; however, little is known about its effect on sleep in this group. In mature adults, alcohol decreases sleep onset latency (SOL) and sleep efficiency (SE) and increases wake after sleep onset (WASO). It also increases slow wave sleep (SWS) and decreases rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in the(More)
Common oscillatory inputs to genioglossus (GG) and tensor palatini (TP) motoneurons were assessed using coherence analysis. Oscillations in the ranges 0-5 Hz (common drive) and 10-30 Hz (short term synchrony) were analyzed. GG and TP electromyograms were recorded via intramuscular fine wire electrodes in 32 subjects during wakefulness. Coherence analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol's effect on sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectra during late adolescence is of interest given that this age group shows both dramatic increases in alcohol consumption and major sleep-related developmental changes in quantitative EEG measures. This study examined the effect of alcohol on sleep EEG power spectra in 18- to(More)
Common drive is thought to constitute a central mechanism by which the efficiency of a motor neuron pool is increased. This study tested the hypothesis that common drive to the upper airway muscle genioglossus (GG) would increase with increased respiratory drive in response to an inspiratory load. Respiration, GG electromyographic (EMG) activity,(More)
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