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BACKGROUND It has been well established that arterial stiffness, manifest as an increase in arterial pulse wave velocity or late systolic amplification of the carotid artery pressure pulse, increases with age. However, the populations studied in prior investigations were not rigorously screened to exclude clinical hypertension, occult coronary disease, or(More)
In the event of a radiation accident or attack, it will be imperative to quickly assess the amount of radiation exposure to accurately triage victims for appropriate care. RNA-based radiation dosimetry assays offer the potential to rapidly screen thousands of individuals in an efficient and cost-effective manner. However, prior to the development of these(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate whether the insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with mortality and cardiac morbidity after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS AND RESULTS The ACE I/D genotype was determined in 249 consecutive patients who underwent(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common and deadly forms of hematopoietic malignancies. We hypothesized that microarray studies could identify previously unrecognized expression changes that occur only in AML blasts. We were particularly interested in those genes with increased expression in AML, believing that these genes may be potential(More)
GOALS OF WORK In gynecological oncology, there is growing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) methods. The lack of data regarding side effects, the lack of any survival advantages, and the costs of these methods appear to have no influence on patients' decisions on whether to use CAM. Our interest was to evaluate the(More)
FLT3 internal tandem duplications (FLT3/ITDs) in the juxtamembrane domain are found in approximately 25% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, ranging in size from 3 to hundreds of nucleotides. We examined whether the sizes of FLT3/ITDs were associated with clinical outcomes in 151 AML patients enrolled in Southwest Oncology Group studies: S9333 and(More)
The aim of this study was to correlate chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) with commonly occurring single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3 genes (HTR3). Women with breast cancer without previous chemotherapy were eligible for this prospective study. All patients received epirubicin, with or without(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the associations between hardiness (defined as the ability to manage stress), depression, and emotional well-being and appetite in older adults. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Assisted-living facilities and senior centers in the Washington/Baltimore area. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred ninety-two adults aged 60 and older. (More)
PURPOSE This study investigated genetic variations in the estrogen pathway and their association with miscarriages. METHODS A total of 483 patients were recruited from a comprehensive control group for case-control studies. Three variants of the CYP19A1 gene (rs10046, rs4646 and rs700519) and one variant each of the estrogen (ESR1) and progesterone (PGR)(More)
The aim of this survey was to evaluate correlates for the patient's desire for surgical improvement of the cosmetic outcome after the primary operation for breast cancer. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a single follow-up outpatient clinic using a questionnaire. Patients were asked to assess their degree of satisfaction with the cosmetic results(More)
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