Julia Friedrich

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Sperm are stored in the isthmic region of the oviduct under conditions that maintain sperm viability and suppress motility. This region is also the site in which essential steps of the capacitation process are coordinated with the appearance of the ovulated egg. The influx of Ca(2+) and phosphorylation of sperm proteins are features of the ongoing(More)
BACKGROUND Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), a transmembrane glycoprotein, seems to play a key role in the adaption of tumor cells to hypoxia. This study was designed to investigate the clinical role of CAIX and its association with Her-2 in a large cohort of adeno- (AC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the esophagus and their metastases. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor-associated lymphatic networks are the primary routes for tumor cell dissemination and metastasis. Behind the background of possible lymphangiogenesis-associated therapies, the clinical impact of lymphangiogenesis (measured by lymphatic microvessel density [LMVD]) and specific lymphovascular invasion (LVI) in esophageal cancer remains(More)
The human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 gene (HER-2) encodes for a membrane-bound tyrosine kinase (Her-2), which is overexpressed in various human cancers. Her-2-targeted therapy has recently been shown to be beneficial for patients with advanced gastric cancer. Her-2 protein expression was investigated in 341 esophageal carcinomas [152 squamous cell(More)
The molecular mechanisms that govern bone and joint formation are complex, involving an integrated network of signaling pathways and gene regulators. We investigated the role of Hox genes, which are known to specify individual segments of the skeleton, in the formation of autopod limb bones (i.e., the hands and feet) using the mouse mutant synpolydactyly(More)
The signal-transcriptional factor signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3) is overexpressed in various tumor entities and promotes tumor progression and metastasis. The tyrosine-kinase receptor Her-2 was shown to activate STAT3-expression and is overexpressed in a subtype of esophageal cancer (EC). STAT3 also regulates carbonic anhydrase IX(More)
Streptococcus uberis and Staphylococcus aureus are important mastitis pathogens in dairy cows in the entire world. Recent publications showed that an extended therapy can be more efficient in combating such intramammary infections. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an extended intramammary therapy to treat moderate and severe(More)
The internal teat sealant OrbeSeal® (Zoetis, Berlin, Germany) is intended to prevent new intramammary infection (IMI) throughout the dry period. The aim of this field study was to determine new infection rates in udder quarters applied exclusively with the sealant at dry-off and untreated ones (control group). For that, the new infection rate of udder(More)
This field study focuses on the possible effects of a combination of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory treatment (carprofen) and a local and parenteral antibiotic on cure rates, survival rate and return to milk production of severe clinical mastitis cases. 69 cows in 3 herds (blocked by parity) with severe clinical mastitis during the first 120 d of lactation(More)
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