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BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to describe the behavioral changes in children resulting from Shape Up Somerville (SUS), a community-based, participatory obesity prevention intervention that used a multi-level, systems-based approach. It was set in Somerville, an urban, culturally diverse community in Massachusetts, USA. METHODS This was a(More)
BACKGROUND New oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation were developed to be given in fixed doses without the need for the routine monitoring that has hindered usage and acceptance of vitamin K antagonists. A concern has emerged, however, that measurement of drug concentration or anticoagulant activity might be needed to prevent(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in the school food environment are a logical target to prevent childhood overweight. We describe the food service component of a 2-year research intervention to prevent excess weight gain in children. CONTEXT The goals of the food service component were to improve the presentation and nutrient quality of school meals and to incorporate(More)
Putative risk factors for the development of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) with vertebral fractures were examined in a retrospective study of 663 postmenopausal white females aged 45-75 years (266 women with non-traumatic vertebral compression fractures (VF+), 134 non-fractured women from a general medicine clinic (controls) and 263 non-fractured women(More)
BACKGROUND There are disproportionately higher rates of overweight and obesity in poor rural communities but studies exploring children's health-related behaviors that may assist in designing effective interventions are limited. We examined the association between overweight and obesity prevalence of 401 ethnically/racially diverse, rural school-aged(More)
BACKGROUND The benefits of community-based health programs are widely recognized. However, research examining factors related to community leaders' characteristics and roles in implementation is limited. METHODS The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to use a social ecological framework of variables to explore and describe the relationships between(More)
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