Julia F Fischer

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Proteinase B, an asparagine-specific endopeptidase, has been purified from germinating vetch (Vicia sativa L.) seeds. The final preparation consists of two enzymically active proteins with molecular masses of approximately 39 kDa and 37 kDa. Synthetic substrates were used to confirm cleavage specificity of the proteinase B preparation. As expected, the(More)
Families of papain- and legumain-like cysteine proteinases (CPR) were found in Vicia seeds. cDNAs and antibodies were used to follow organ specificity and the developmental course of CPR-specific mRNAs and polypeptides. Four papain-like cysteine proteinases (CPR1, CPR2, proteinase A and CPR4) from vetch seeds (Vicia sativa L.) were analysed. CPR2 and its(More)
Proteinase A is a papain-like cysteine endopeptidase of vetch (Vicia sativa L.) which was assumed to initiate storage-globulin breakdown just after the onset of seed germination. This enzyme was purified from cotyledons of vetch seedlings. On gelatin-containg SDS gels, active proteinase A migrated with an apparent molecular mass of 21 kDa, whereas after(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) remains a formidable cause of diarrheal illness worldwide. At present, there is no vaccine that provides broad-based protection against ETEC. A 'phoA-based self-cloning mutagenesis system, TnphoA.ts, employed to identify novel ETEC surface antigens, led to identification of an ETEC two-partner secretion locus (etpBAC)(More)
The small GTPase rab1 plays a role in vesicle trafficking between ER and the Golgi complex. Recently, MICAL-1 was identified as new rab1 interacting protein. In this study, we show an interaction between two additional members of the MICAL family and rab1 in a yeast two-hybrid approach and GST pulldown experiments. We present data about the previously(More)
The small GTPase rab1a and its isoform rab1b are essential regulating components in the vesicle transport between the ER and the Golgi apparatus. Rab1 is thought to act as a molecular switch and can change between an active GTP-bound and an inactive GDP-bound conformation. To elucidate the function of rab1, several approaches have been established to(More)
Carbon ion irradiation is an emerging therapeutic option for various tumor entities. Radiation resistance of solid tumors toward photon irradiation is caused by attenuation of DNA damage in less oxygenated tumor areas and by increased hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 signaling. Carbon ion irradiation acts independently of oxygen; however, the role of HIF-1(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), leading causes of diarrhoeal morbidity and mortality in developing countries, are heterogenous pathogens that elaborate heat-labile (LT) and/or heat-stable (ST) enterotoxins which elicit watery, cholera-like diarrhoea. The molecular events permitting efficient delivery of LT remain undefined. Here, we characterize(More)