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A new artificial regulatory system for essential genes in yeast is described. It prevents translation of target mRNAs upon tetracycline (tc) binding to aptamers introduced into their 5'UTRs. Exploiting direct RNA-ligand interaction renders auxiliary protein factors unnecessary. Therefore, our approach is strain independent and not susceptible to(More)
Riboswitches reflect a novel concept in gene regulation that is particularly suited for technological adaptation. Therefore, we characterized thermodynamically the ligand binding properties of a synthetic, tetracycline (tc)-binding RNA aptamer, which regulates gene expression in a dose-dependent manner when inserted into the untranslated region of an mRNA.(More)
Splicing of pre-mRNA is a critical step in mRNA maturation and disturbances cause several genetic disorders. We apply the synthetic tetracycline (tc)-binding riboswitch to establish a gene expression system for conditional tc-dependent control of pre-mRNA splicing in yeast. Efficient regulation is obtained when the aptamer is inserted close to the 5'splice(More)
The first conditional gene expression system which employed a small molecule binding aptamer was developed several years before the discovery of natural riboswitches. With the discovery of riboswitches it became obvious that nature uses exactly the same principal of direct RNA-ligand interaction to regulate gene expression in a highly efficient, precise and(More)
Riboswitches are genetic control elements that regulate gene expression in a small molecule-dependent way. We developed a two-stage strategy of in vitro selection followed by a genetic screen and identified several artificial small molecule-binding riboswitches that respond to the aminoglycoside neomycin. Structure-function relationships and structural(More)
Aptamers are short, single stranded nucleic acids which bind a wide range of different ligands with extraordinary high binding affinity and specificity. The steadily increasing number of aptamers is accompanied by an expanding range of applications in biotechnology. We will describe new developments in the field including the use of aptamers for conditional(More)
BACKGROUND Adaptation to low oxygen by changing gene expression is vitally important for cell survival and tissue development. The sprouting of new blood vessels, initiated from endothelial cells, restores the oxygen supply of ischemic tissues. In contrast to the transcriptional response induced by hypoxia, which is mainly mediated by members of the HIF(More)
RNA aptamers are in vitro-selected binding domains that recognize their respective ligand with high affinity and specificity. They are characterized by complex three-dimensional conformations providing preformed binding pockets that undergo conformational changes upon ligand binding. Small molecule-binding aptamers have been exploited as synthetic(More)
Conditional gene expression systems are important tools to identify the function of essential genes or in terms of gene therapy approaches. Small molecule-binding aptamers can be used for efficient control of gene expression by inserting them into the 5' untranslated region of an mRNA with the ligand-bound form inhibiting gene expression by interfering with(More)