Julia Chamot-Rooke

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The Gram-negative bacterium Neisseria meningitidis asymptomatically colonizes the throat of 10 to 30% of the human population, but throat colonization can also act as the port of entry to the blood (septicemia) and then the brain (meningitis). Colonization is mediated by filamentous organelles referred to as type IV pili, which allow the formation of(More)
Infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy combined with theoretical vibrational spectra provides a powerful tool for probing structure. This technique has been used to probe the structure of protonated cyclic AG and the b(2)(+) ion from AGG. The experimental spectrum for protonated cyclo AG compares very well with the theoretical spectra(More)
Natural genetic transformation is widely distributed in bacteria and generally occurs during a genetically programmed differentiated state called competence. This process promotes genome plasticity and adaptability in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Transformation requires the binding and internalization of exogenous DNA, the mechanisms of which(More)
Peptide fragmentation can lead to an oxazolone or diketopiperazine b(2)(+) ion structure. IRMPD spectroscopy combined with computational modeling and gas-phase H/D exchange was used to study the structure of the b(2)(+) ion from protonated HAAAA. The experimental spectrum of the b(2)(+) ion matches both the experimental spectrum for the protonated cyclic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Venoms are a rich source of ligands for ion channels, but very little is known about their capacity to modulate G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) activity. We developed a strategy to identify novel toxins targeting GPCRs. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH We studied the interactions of mamba venom fractions with alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in(More)
Cilia and flagella are complex organelles made of hundreds of proteins of highly variable structures and functions. Here we report the purification of intact flagella from the procyclic stage of Trypanosoma brucei using mechanical shearing. Structural preservation was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy that showed that flagella still contained(More)
Collision-induced dissociation, laser-induced dissociation and electron-capture dissociation are compared on a singly and doubly protonated pentapeptide. The dissociation spectrum depends on the excitation mechanism and on the charge state of the peptide. The comparison of these results with the conformations obtained from Monte Carlo simulations suggests(More)
A new approach that uses a hybrid Q-FTICR instrument and combines quadrupole collision-induced dissociation, hydrogen-deuterium exchange, and infrared multiphoton dissociation (QCID-HDX-IRMPD) has been shown to effectively separate and differentiate isomeric fragment ion structures present at the same m/z. This method was used to study protonated YAGFL-OH(More)
The importance of protein glycosylation in the interaction of pathogenic bacteria with their host is becoming increasingly clear. Neisseria meningitidis, the etiological agent of cerebrospinal meningitis, crosses cellular barriers after adhering to host cells through type IV pili. Pilin glycosylation genes (pgl) are responsible for the glycosylation of(More)
Studies of peptide fragment ion structures are important to aid in the accurate kinetic modeling and prediction of peptide fragmentation pathways for a given sequence. Peptide b2 + ion structures have been of recent interest. While previously studied b2 + ions that contain only aliphatic or simple aromatic residues are oxazolone structures, the HA b2 + ion(More)