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BACKGROUND Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents reduce anaemia in patients with cancer and could improve their quality of life, but these drugs might increase mortality. We therefore did a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials in which these drugs plus red blood cell transfusions were compared with transfusion alone for prophylaxis or treatment of(More)
Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia is a major risk factor for infection-related morbidity and mortality and also a significant dose-limiting toxicity in cancer treatment. Patients developing severe (grade 3/4) or febrile neutropenia (FN) during chemotherapy frequently receive dose reductions and/or delays to their chemotherapy. This may impact the success of(More)
Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia is not only a major risk factor for infection-related morbidity and mortality, but is also a significant dose-limiting toxicity in cancer treatment. Patients developing severe (grade 3/4) or febrile neutropenia (FN) during chemotherapy frequently receive dose reductions and/or delays to their chemotherapy. This may impact on(More)
BACKGROUND Anaemia associated with cancer and cancer therapy is an important clinical factor in the treatment of malignant diseases. Therapeutic alternatives are recombinant human erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) and red blood cell transfusions. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of ESAs to either prevent or treat anaemia in cancer patients. (More)
BACKGROUND Anemia associated with cancer and cancer therapy is an important clinical and economic factor in the treatment of malignant diseases. METHODS We conducted a systematic literature review to assess the efficacy of erythropoietin to prevent or treat anemia in cancer patients with regard to red blood cell transfusions, hematologic response, adverse(More)
For cancer patients, anemia can be a debilitating problem that negatively influences their overall quality of life and worsens their prognosis. The condition is caused either by the cancer itself or by cytotoxic treatment. Anemia is the primary indication for transfusion of red blood cells, but the development of recombinant human erythropoietins (epoetins)(More)
PURPOSE To update American Society of Clinical Oncology/American Society of Hematology recommendations for use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in patients with cancer. METHODS An Update Committee reviewed data published between January 2007 and January 2010. MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library were searched. RESULTS The literature search(More)
This is an updated systematic review of 57 trials and 9353 cancer patients from articles, abstracts, and reports published between January 1, 1985, and April 30, 2005, on the effects of epoetin alfa and beta (i.e., epoetin) and darbepoetin alfa (i.e., darbepoetin). We included randomized controlled trials comparing epoetin or darbepoetin plus red blood cell(More)
PURPOSE To update the American Society of Clinical Oncology/American Society of Hematology (ASCO/ASH) recommendations for the use of epoetin. The guideline was expanded to address use of darbepoetin and thromboembolic risk associated with these agents. METHOD An Update Committee ("Committee") reviewed and analyzed data published since 2002 through July(More)
BACKGROUND Granulopoiesis-stimulating factors (G-CSF and GM-CSF) are being used to prevent febrile neutropenia and infections in the treatment of patients with malignant lymphoma. The question whether G-CSF and GM-CSF improve dose-intensity, tumour response and overall survival in this patient population has not been answered yet. Since the results from(More)