Bicuculline antagonizes diazepam induced feeding in Syrian hamsters in a dose dependent manner using doses which do not affect running wheel activity. These results suggest that diazepam-induced feeding can be completely and specifically blocked by antagonizing GABA.
BACKGROUND Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcription factor regulating a plethora of detoxifying enzymes and antioxidant genes involved in drug metabolism and defence against oxidative stress. The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a ligand-induced transcription factor involved in the regulation of energy supply for metabolic… (More)
BACKGROUND Aggregation of peptide hormone precursors in the trans-Golgi network is an essential process in the biogenesis of secretory granules in endocrine cells. It has recently been proposed that this aggregation corresponds to the formation of functional amyloids. Our previous finding that dominant mutations in provasopressin, which cause cell… (More)
Mutations in the HSD17B3 gene resulting in 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (17β-HSD3) deficiency cause 46, XY Disorders of Sex Development (46, XY DSD). Approximately 40 different mutations in HSD17B3 have been reported; only few mutant enzymes have been mechanistically investigated. Here, we report novel compound heterozygous mutations in HSD17B3,… (More)
In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of human cells, disulfide bonds are predominantly generated by the two isoforms of ER oxidoreductin-1 (Ero1): Ero1α and Ero1β. The activity of Ero1α is tightly regulated through the formation of intramolecular disulfide bonds to help ensure balanced ER redox conditions. Ero1β is less tightly regulated, but the molecular… (More)
Pathological endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is tightly linked to the accumulation of reactive oxidants, which can be both upstream and downstream of ER stress. Accordingly, detrimental intracellular stress signals are amplified through establishment of a vicious cycle. An increasing number of human diseases are characterized by tissue atrophy in response… (More)
This investigation examined the willingness of male and female Ss of varying weights (n = 120) to comply with requests for a favor from normal or overweight male and female confederates (n = 4). Results showed both male and female Ss to be less compliant to requests from an overweight than a normal-weight confederate. Overweight Ss were more compliant to… (More)