Julia Biancalana Costa

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease of the motor system. The diagnosis is clinical, but additional investigations such as electromyography, transcranial magnetic stimulation and neuroimaging have demonstrated their usefulness in supporting diagnosis. Exhaustive research for the identification of molecular markers in the(More)
L1 is a cell adhesion molecule of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily, critical for central nervous system development, and involved in several neuronal biological events. It is a type I membrane glycoprotein. The L1 ectodomain, composed of six Ig-like and five fibronectin (Fn) type-III domains, is involved in homophilic binding. Here,(More)
A familial form of the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), is caused by dominant mutations in the cytosolic Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1). There has been evidence for secretion of SOD1, by an unknown mechanism. In this work stable mouse motor neuron-like NSC-34 cells overexpressing human SOD1 wild-type hSOD1(wt)(More)
BACKGROUND Exosomes consist of membrane vesicles that are secreted by several cell types, including tumors and have been found in biological fluids. Exosomes interact with other cells and may serve as vehicles for the transfer of protein and RNA among cells. METHODS SKOV3 exosomes were labelled with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl-ester and(More)
Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive motor neuron disease that mainly causes degeneration of the upper and lower motor neurons, ultimately leading to paralysis and death within three to five years after first symptoms. The pathological mechanisms leading to ALS are still not completely understood. Several biomarker candidates have(More)
Protein inclusions rich in mutant Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) have been found in tissues from patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here, the mouse motor neuron-like NSC-34 cell line transiently transfected with human SOD1(G93A) fused to enhanced green fluorescent protein exhibited aggregates contrary to cells overexpressing(More)
The expression of the fucosylated carbohydrate Lewis(x) (Le(x)) determinant (Gal(beta1-4)[Fuc(alpha1-3)]GlcNAc-R) has been found in glycoproteins, proteoglycans, and glycolipids from the nervous system. Evidence suggests its association with cell-cell recognition, neurite outgrowth, and neuronal migration during central nervous system development. In the(More)
The Sialyl-Tn antigen (Neu5Ac␣2– 6GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr) is highly expressed in several human carcinomas and is associated with carcinoma aggressiveness and poor prognosis. We characterized two human sialyltrans-ferases, CMP-Neu5Ac:GalNAc-R ␣2,6-sialyltransferase (ST6GalNAc)-I and ST6GalNAc-II, that are candidate enzymes for Sialyl-Tn synthases. We expressed(More)
Despite major advances in deciphering the neuropathological hallmarks of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), validated neurochemical biomarkers for monitoring disease activity, earlier diagnosis, defining prognosis and unlocking key pathophysiological pathways are lacking. Although several candidate biomarkers exist, translation into clinical application(More)
The Lewis(x) (Le(x)) epitope (Gal(beta1-4)[Fuc(alpha1-3)]GlcNAc-R) has been associated with the development of the central nervous system of diverse species including human and rodents. In this work, Le(x) has been found in the tetanus neurotoxin insensitive vesicle-associated membrane protein (TI-VAMP) compartment of rat hippocampus neurons in culture, at(More)