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Early onset of alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use is an indicator of later substance use problems in adulthood such as alcohol or other drug dependence. This paper seeks to address the association between early onset alcohol, marijuana, cigarette, and polysubstance use with injection drug use among recent illicit drug users. The current study used(More)
Twelve adolescent males with a history of chronic solvent abuse were compared with 12 delinquent controls on a battery of neuropsychological tests. Toluene was the active constituent most commonly abused. Solvent abusers tended to have lower overall intelligence test scores. On the Bexley Maudsley Automated Screening Test, the solvent abusers scored(More)
In Guatemala, government-sponsored terrorism directed at Mayan villagers resulted in at least 122,000 deaths and 18,000 "disappearances" during the period 1975-85. Even today, "low intensity warfare" in the form of random acts of terrorism continue. Thus, in the past 20 years, 120,000 women have been widowed, 11,000 in the province of El Quiche alone. (More)
This article provides an overview of drug and alcohol use and risk factors among American adolescents. Current trends indicate that tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana are the most frequently used substances among this age group. Further, the greatest risk factors for using these substances are being male, being White, being an older adolescent, engaging in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined how state decisions not to expand Medicaid have affected behavioral health services utilization in health centers. Because health center revenues are adversely affected, the ability to provide on-site nonrequired services, such as specialty mental health and substance abuse treatment services, is compromised. METHODS Using(More)
The aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence of HIV, past six-month illicit drug use, and risk behaviors among a population of heavy drug users living in an urban setting. Although many studies investigate substance use, sex-risk behavior, and HIV by race and gender, no studies have examined these variables simultaneously. The current study(More)
This article chronicles three steps taken by research, clinical, and state staff toward assessing, evaluating, and streamlining clinical and administrative paperwork at all public outpatient addiction treatment programs in one state. The first step was an accounting of all paperwork requirements at each program. The second step included the development of(More)
This study compared the level of unmet need for medical, dental, mental health (MH), and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment between homeless and non-homeless patients served at Health Care for the Homeless programs. Using the 2009 Health Center Patient Survey, logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between homelessness and unmet(More)
Medical respite programs provide nursing care and case management to individuals experiencing homelessness following hospitalization for an acute medical problem. One goal of these programs is to link clients to outpatient providers to decrease their reliance on hospital services. Through qualitative interviews with staff members (n = 8) and clients (n =(More)
Twelve adolescent males with a history of chronic solvent abuse were compared with 12 delinquent controls on a structured interview concerning their history of solvent abuse, drug and alcohol abuse, and on a self-report inventory of depression. Solvent abusers had histories of severe social and emotional deprivation, and reported higher rates of depression.(More)