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The Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) gene is mutated in the majority of colorectal cancers (CRCs). Loss of APC leads to constitutively active WNT signaling, hyperproliferation, and tumorigenesis. Identification of pathways that facilitate tumorigenesis after APC loss is important for therapeutic development. Here, we show that RAC1 is a critical mediator of(More)
The correct organization of cells within an epithelium is essential for proper tissue and organ morphogenesis. The role of Decapentaplegic/Bone morphogenetic protein (Dpp/BMP) signaling in cellular morphogenesis during epithelial development is poorly understood. In this paper, we used the developing Drosophila pupal retina--looking specifically at the(More)
MicroRNA deregulation is frequent in human colorectal cancers (CRCs), but little is known as to whether it represents a bystander event or actually drives tumor progression in vivo. We show that miR-135b overexpression is triggered in mice and humans by APC loss, PTEN/PI3K pathway deregulation, and SRC overexpression and promotes tumor transformation and(More)
The ability to regenerate following stress is a hallmark of self-renewing tissues. However, little is known about how regeneration differs from homeostatic tissue maintenance. Here, we study the role and regulation of Wingless (Wg)/Wnt signalling during intestinal regeneration using the Drosophila adult midgut. We show that Wg is produced by the intestinal(More)
The roles of inflammatory cytokines and the immune response in cancer remain paradoxical. In the case of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), there is undisputed evidence indicating both protumor and antitumor activities. Recent work in Drosophila indicated that a TNF-dependent mechanism eliminates cells deficient for the polarity tumor suppressors dlg or scrib. In(More)
1,25(OH)(2)D(3) antiproliferative properties are widely known. However, the molecular bases of these properties are only partially elucidated. Since 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) effectively arrests growth in many tumors and hyperplastic tissues whose growth is driven by co-expression of EGFR and its ligand TGF-alpha, it was hypothesized that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) could affect(More)
Inactivation of APC is a strongly predisposing event in the development of colorectal cancer, prompting the search for vulnerabilities specific to cells that have lost APC function. Signalling through the mTOR pathway is known to be required for epithelial cell proliferation and tumour growth, and the current paradigm suggests that a critical function of(More)
A role for WNT signalling in gastric carcinogenesis has been suggested due to two major observations. First, patients with germline mutations in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) are susceptible to stomach polyps and second, in gastric cancer, WNT activation confers a poor prognosis. However, the functional significance of deregulated WNT signalling in(More)
Adult stem cells are crucial for normal tissue homeostasis and regeneration upon damage. Deregulated stem cell proliferation and/or differentiation have been linked to the formation and progression of tumours. Due to its high regenerative potential, the adult intestinal epithelium is an excellent system to study the mechanisms that underpin regeneration and(More)
The mammalian intestinal epithelium is one of the most actively self-renewing tissues, which is constantly replenished by pluripotent intestinal stem cells (ISCs). This remarkable characteristic seems to impact in its high propensity for malignant transformation. Indeed, many of the molecular pathways that regulate normal intestinal homeostasis appear(More)