Julia Ann Kornfield

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The role of the highly reactive triose sugars glyceraldehyde and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate in protein cross-linking and other amino acid modifications during the Maillard reaction was investigated. From the incubation of glyceraldehyde with N (alpha)-acetyl-L-lysine and N (alpha)-acetyl-L-arginine, we isolated four new Maillard reaction pyridinium(More)
Coordinated rheological and biochemical measurements provide the linear and nonlinear mechanical properties of the vitreous and demonstrate the structural role of hyaluronic acid. "Cleated" tools are used to overcome wall slip and avoid tissue compression during measurements of the dynamic moduli of fresh porcine and bovine vitreous. Shear moduli decreased(More)
An instrument to study the effects of shearing on the crystallization process in semicrystalline polymers is described. It can impose transient stresses similar to those encountered in polymer processing and provides in situ monitoring of microstructure development during and after cessation of flow. Box-like wall shear stress profiles ~rise and fall times(More)
Chain topology has a profound impact on the flow behavior of single macromolecules. For circular polymers, the absence of free ends results in a unique chain architecture compared to linear or branched chains, thereby generating distinct molecular dynamics. Here, we report the direct observation of circular DNA dynamics in transient and steady flows for(More)
Erosion behaviour governs the use of physical hydrogels in biomedical applications ranging from controlled release to cell encapsulation. Genetically engineered protein hydrogels offer unique means of controlling the erosion rate by engineering their amino acid sequences and network topology. Here, we show that the erosion rate of such materials can be(More)
Poly(ethylene glycol)s modified with fluorocarbon end groups are capable of in situ transition from an injectable liquid to a viscoelastic hydrogel by hydrophobic interaction of the end groups; this class of materials is useful for a variety of biomedical applications, including sustained protein release. The hydrogel state can be transformed into an(More)
Injectable hydrogels show substantial promise for use in minimally invasive tissue engineering and drug delivery procedures.1,2 A new injectable hydrogel material, developed from recombinant telechelic proteins expressed in E. coli, demonstrates shear thinning by three orders of magnitude at large strains. Large amplitude oscillatory shear illustrates that(More)
PURPOSE To measure the tissue mechanical response to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) using intact globe expansion of rabbit eyes. This method examined rabbit kit (2-3 weeks old) eyes as a model for weakened tissue and evaluated riboflavin/UVA and glyceraldehyde cross-linking treatments. METHODS The ocular shape of enucleated eyes was photographed(More)
Artificial protein hydrogels made from a triblock protein (designated AC10A, where A is an acidic zipper domain and C10 comprises 10 repeats of the nonapeptide sequence exhibit normalized plateau storage moduli (G9‘/nkT) less than 0.13 at all concentrations, pH values, and ionic strengths examined. These gels are surprisingly soft due to loop formation at(More)
Efficient, one-pot preparation of synthetically challenging, high molecular weight (MW), narrowly dispersed brush block copolymers and random copolymers in high conversions was achieved by ring-opening metathesis (co)polymerization (ROMP) of various macromonomers (MMs) using the highly active, fast-initiating ruthenium olefin metathesis catalyst(More)